About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 821295, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/821295
Research Article

HPLC Quantitative Analysis of Rhein and Antidermatophytic Activity of Cassia fistula Pod Pulp Extracts of Various Storage Conditions

1Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, 447 Sri-Ayudthaya Road, Ratchathevi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
2Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, 447 Sri-Ayudthaya Road, Ratchathevi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand

Received 24 April 2013; Revised 8 August 2013; Accepted 22 August 2013

Academic Editor: Macit Ilkit

Copyright © 2013 Savita Chewchinda et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. V. Asolkar, K. K. Kakkar, and O. J. Chakre, Second Supplement to Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plant with Active Principles, Publication and Information Directorate; CSIR, New Delhi, India, 1992.
  2. M. M. Alam, M. B. Siddiqui, and W. Husain, “Treatmet of diabetes through herbal drugs in rural India,” Fitoterapia, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 240–242, 1990. View at Scopus
  3. T. Bahorun, V. S. Neergheen, and O. I. Aruoma, “Phytochemical constituents of Cassia fistula,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 4, no. 13, pp. 1530–1540, 2005. View at Scopus
  4. V. Duraipandiyan and S. Ignacimuthu, “Antibacterial and antifungal activity of Cassia fistula L.: an ethnomedicinal plant,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 590–594, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. Siddhuraju, P. S. Mohan, and K. Becker, “Studies on the antioxidant activity of Indian Laburnum (Cassia fistula L.): a preliminary assessment of crude extracts from stem bark, leaves, flowers and fruit pulp,” Food Chemistry, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. P. Sartorelli, S. P. Andrade, M. S. C. Melhem, F. O. Prado, and A. G. Tempone, “Isolation of antileishmanial sterol from the fruits of Cassia fistula using bioguided fractionation,” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 644–647, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Bharadwaj and R. Mathur, “Antifertility screening of fruit of Cassia fistula in female albino rates,” Comparative Physiology & Ecology, vol. 4, pp. 277–279, 1979.
  8. U. C. Gupta and G. C. Jain, “Study on hypolipidemic activity of Cassia fistula legume in rats,” Asean Journal of Experimental Sciences, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 241–248, 2009.
  9. M. M. A. Rizvi, M. Irshad, G. El Hassadi, and S. B. Younis, “Bioefficacies of Cassia fistula: an Indian labrum,” African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 287–292, 2009. View at Scopus
  10. N. N. Barthakur, N. P. Arnold, and I. Alli, “The Indian laburnum (Cassia fistula L.) fruit: an analysis of its chemical constituents,” Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 55–62, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. A. Pfaller, P. G. Pappas, and J. R. Wingard, “Invasive fungal pathogens: current epidemiological trends,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. S3–S14, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. V. Agarkar and D. R. Jadge, “Phytochemical and pharmacological investigations of Genus Cassia: a review,” Asian Journal of Chemistry, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 295–299, 1999. View at Scopus
  13. A. Sakulpanich and W. Gritsanapan, “Extraction method for high content of anthraquinones from Cassia fistula pods,” Journal of Health Research, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 167–172, 2008.
  14. M. Wuthi-udomlert, P. Kupittayanant, and W. Gritsanapan, “In vitro evaluation of antifungal activity of anthraquinone derivatives of Senna alata,” Journal of Health Research, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 117–122, 2010.
  15. S. Chewchinda, A. Sakulpanich, P. Sithisarn, and W. Gritsanapan, “HPLC analysis of laxative rhein content in Cassia fistula pods of different provenances in Thailand,” Thai Journal of Agricultural Science. In press.
  16. ASEAN Countries, Standard of ASEAN Herbal Medicines, vol. 1, Aksara Buana, Jakarta, Indonesia, 1993.
  17. ASEAN Countries, “ASEAN Guideline on stability study of drug product,” Proceedings of the 9th ACCSQ-PPWG Meeting, Manila, Philippines, 2005.
  18. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards, Reference Method for Broth Dilution Antifungal Susceptibility Testing of Filamentous Fungi. Approved Standard M38-A, National Committee for Clinical laboratory Standards, Wayne, Pa, USA, 2002.
  19. B. Fernández-Torres, F. J. Cabañes, A. J. Carrillo-Muñoz et al., “Collaborative evaluation of optimal antifungal susceptibility testing conditions for dermatophytes,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 40, no. 11, pp. 3999–4003, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. A. Santos and J. S. Hamdan, “Evaluation of broth microdilution antifungal susceptibility testing conditions for Trichophyton rubrum,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 1917–1920, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. E. D. S. Barros, D. D. A. Santos, and J. S. Hamdan, “In vitro methods for antifungal susceptibility testing of Trichophyton spp,” Mycological Research, vol. 110, no. 11, pp. 1355–1360, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. G. S. de Hoog, J. Guarro, J. Gené, and M. J. Figueras, Atlas of Clinical Fungi, Centralbureau voor Schimmelcultures, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 2nd edition, 2000.
  23. V. Duraipandiyan and S. Ignacimuthu, “Antifungal activity of rhein isolated from Cassia fistula L. flower,” WebmedCentral, vol. 1, no. 9, Article ID WMC00687, 2010.
  24. WHO Expert Committee on Specifications for Pharmaceutical Preparations.