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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 825453, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/825453
Research Article

Cone Beam Computed Tomographic Analysis of the Shape, Height, and Location of the Mandibular Lingula in a Population of Children

1Department of Oral Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey
2Department of Pedodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey

Received 16 April 2013; Revised 27 September 2013; Accepted 29 September 2013

Academic Editor: Mohammadali M. Shoja

Copyright © 2013 Ahmet Ercan Sekerci et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. This is the first study to identify and classify the different morphological shapes of the mandibular lingula (ML) in children using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Material and Methods. A retrospective study was performed to evaluate the shape, height, and location of the ML in relation to the surrounding structures using CBCT images of mandibles obtained from 269 children. The shape of the ML was classified into triangular, truncated, nodular, or assimilated types. The location was determined by five distances. The height of the lingula was also measured from the lingular tip to the mandibular foramen. Results. A nodular shape of the ML was most commonly found (48.3%, ) followed by truncated (23.4%, ), assimilated (14.4%, ), and triangular (13.7%, ). The mean distance of ML from the anterior and posterior borders of mandibular ramus was  mm and  mm, respectively. In the majority of the mandibles studied, the ML was located above the occlusal plane. Conclusion. The present study provides new information to the literature concerning the shape, height, and location of the lingula in a Turkish pediatric population. This finding may assist clinicians to localize the lingula and avoid intraoperative complications.