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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 852368, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/852368
Review Article

Comparison of Informal Care Time and Costs in Different Age-Related Dementias: A Review

1UMR1027, Inserm, 31073 Toulouse, France
2UMR1027, University of Toulouse III, 31073 Toulouse, France
3Medical Information Department, University Hospital of Toulouse, 31059 Toulouse, France
4Département d'Information Médicale, Hôtel-Dieu Saint-Jacques, 2 rue Viguerie, TSA 80035, 31059 Toulouse Cedex 9, France
5LIRAES, University of Paris Descartes, 75005 Paris, France
6Department of Geriatric Medicine, University Hospital of Toulouse, Gérontopôle of Toulouse, 31059 Toulouse, France
7Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University Hospital of Toulouse, 31059 Toulouse, France
8EDISS, University of Lyon I, 69100 Villeurbanne, France

Received 12 July 2012; Revised 25 October 2012; Accepted 25 October 2012

Academic Editor: Stefan Agewall

Copyright © 2013 Nadège Costa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. Age-related dementia is a progressive degenerative brain syndrome whose prevalence increases with age. Dementias cause a substantial burden on society and on families who provide informal care. This study aims to review the relevant papers to compare informal care time and costs in different dementias. Methods. A bibliographic search was performed on an international medical literature database (MEDLINE). All studies which assessed the social economic burden of different dementias were selected. Informal care time and costs were analyzed in three care settings by disease stages. Results. 21 studies met our criteria. Mean informal care time was 55.73 h per week for Alzheimer disease and 15.8 h per week for Parkinson disease ( ), and the associated mean annual informal costs were $17,492 versus $3,284, respectively ( ). Conclusion. There is a lack of data about informal care time and costs among other dementias than AD or PD. Globally, AD is the most costly in terms of informal care costs than PD, $17,492 versus $3,284, respectively.