About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 903604, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/903604
Clinical Study

Effects of Community-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation on Body Composition and Physical Function in Individuals with Stable Coronary Artery Disease: 1.6-Year Followup

1Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Laboratory, School of Physical Education, Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
2Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
3Dunedin Hospital, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand

Received 2 April 2013; Accepted 24 May 2013

Academic Editor: Stephen E. Alway

Copyright © 2013 Sandra Mandic et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. Hansen, P. Dendale, A. Raskin et al., “Long-term effect of rehabilitation in coronary artery disease patients: randomized clinical trial of the impact of exercise volume,” Clinical Rehabilitation, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 319–327, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. D. Reid, L. I. Morrin, A. L. Pipe et al., “Determinants of physical activity after hospitalization for coronary artery disease: the Tracking Exercise after Cardiac Hospitalization (TEACH) Study,” European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 529–537, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. N. Willich, J. Müller-Nordhorn, M. Kulig et al., “Cardiac risk factors, medication, and recurrent clinical events after acute coronary disease: a prospective cohort study,” European Heart Journal, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 307–313, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. A. Lear, J. J. Spinelli, W. Linden et al., “The Extensive Lifestyle Management Intervention (ELMI) after cardiac rehabilitation: a 4-year randomized controlled trial,” American Heart Journal, vol. 152, no. 2, pp. 333–339, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. Oerkild, M. Frederiksen, J. F. Hansen, L. Simonsen, L. T. Skovgaard, and E. Prescott, “Home-based cardiac rehabilitation is as effective as centre-based cardiac rehabilitation among elderly with coronary heart disease: results from a randomised clinical trial,” Age and Ageing, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 78–85, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. A. Volaklis, H. T. Douda, P. F. Kokkinos, and S. P. Tokmakidis, “Physiological alterations to detraining following prolonged combined strength and aerobic training in cardiac patients,” European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 375–380, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. D. Thompson, D. Buchner, I. L. Piña et al., “Exercise and physical activity in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease: a statement from the Council on Clinical Cardiology (Subcommittee on Exercise, Rehabilitation, and Prevention) and the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Subcommittee on Physical Activity),” Circulation, vol. 107, no. 24, pp. 3109–3116, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. C. Bock, R. E. Carmona-Barros, J. L. Esler, and P. L. Tilkemeier, “Program participation and physical activity maintenance after cardiac rehabilitation,” Behavior Modification, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 37–53, 2003. View at Scopus
  9. P. Giannuzzi, P. L. Temporelli, R. Marchioli et al., “Global secondary prevention strategies to limit event recurrence after myocardial infarction: results of the GOSPEL study, a multicenter, randomized controlled trial from the Italian Cardiac Rehabilitation Network,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 168, no. 20, pp. 2194–2204, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. H. Brubaker, J. G. Warner Jr., W. J. Rejeski et al., “Comparison of standard- and extended-length participation in cardiac rehabilitation on body composition, functional capacity, and blood lipids,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 78, no. 7, pp. 769–773, 1996. View at Scopus
  11. M. A. Rogers, C. Yamamoto, J. M. Hagberg, et al., “The effect of 7 years of intense exercise training on patients with coronary artery disease,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 321–326, 1987. View at Scopus
  12. C. J. Lavie and R. V. Milani, “Effects of cardiac rehabilitation programs on exercise capacity, coronary risk factors, behavioral characteristics, and quality of life in a large elderly cohort,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 76, no. 3, pp. 177–179, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. A. Ades, A. Maloney, P. Savage, and R. L. Carhart Jr., “Determinants of physical functioning in coronary patients: response to cardiac rehabilitation,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 159, no. 19, pp. 2357–2360, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. A. Suaya, W. B. Stason, P. A. Ades, S. L. Normand, and D. S. Shepard, “Cardiac rehabilitation and survival in older coronary patients,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 25–33, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. A. Williams, J. L. Fleg, P. A. Ades et al., “Secondary prevention of coronary heart disease in the elderly (with emphasis on patients ≥75 years of age): an American Heart Association scientific statement from the Council on Clinical Cardiology Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention,” Circulation, vol. 105, no. 14, pp. 1735–1743, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. Tobin and M. K. Thow, “The 10 m Shuttle Walk Test with Holter Monitoring: an objective outcome measure for cardiac rehabilitation,” Coronary Health Care, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 3–17, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. S. Mandic, R. Walker, E. Stevens et al., “Estimating exercise capacity from walking tests in elderly individuals with stable coronary artery disease,” Disability and Rehabilitation, 2013.
  18. J. M. Guralnik, L. Ferrucci, C. F. Pieper et al., “Lower extremity function and subsequent disability: consistency across studies, predictive models, and value of gait speed alone compared with the short physical performance battery,” Journals of Gerontology A, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. M221–M231, 2000. View at Scopus
  19. K. P. Izawa, S. Watanabe, K. Oka et al., “Age-related differences in physiologic and psychosocial outcomes after cardiac rehabilitation,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 24–33, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. J. Jones, R. E. Rikli, and W. C. Beam, “A 30-s chair-stand test as a measure of lower body strength in community-residing older adults,” Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 113–119, 1999. View at Scopus
  21. B. E. Ainsworth, W. L. Haskell, S. D. Herrmann et al., “2011 compendium of physical activities: a second update of codes and MET values,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 1575–1581, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. Mandic, J. Myers, R. B. Oliveira, J. Abella, and V. F. Froelicher, “Characterizing differences in mortality at the low end of the fitness spectrum in individuals with cardiovascular disease,” European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 289–295, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. I. Janssen, S. B. Heymsfield, Z. M. Wang, and R. Ross, “Skeletal muscle mass and distribution in 468 men and women aged 18–88 yr,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 81–88, 2000. View at Scopus
  24. M. Johnston, K. MacDonald, P. Manns, M. Senaratne, W. Rodgers, and R. G. Haennel, “Impact of cardiac rehabilitation on the ability of elderly cardiac patients to perform common household tasks,” Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 100–104, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. P. A. Ades, P. D. Savage, M. D. Tischler, E. T. Poehlman, J. Dee, and J. Niggel, “Determinants of disability in older coronary patients,” American Heart Journal, vol. 143, no. 1, pp. 151–156, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. P. L. Enright, M. A. McBurnie, V. Bittner et al., “The 6-min walk test: a quick measure of functional status in elderly adults,” Chest, vol. 123, no. 2, pp. 387–398, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. T. Sumide, K. Shimada, H. Ohmura et al., “Relationship between exercise tolerance and muscle strength following cardiac rehabilitation: comparison of patients after cardiac surgery and patients with myocardial infarction,” Journal of Cardiology, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 273–281, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. W. R. Frontera, V. A. Hughes, R. A. Fielding, M. A. Fiatarone, W. J. Evans, and R. Roubenoff, “Aging of skeletal muscle: a 12-yr longitudinal study,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 1321–1326, 2000. View at Scopus
  29. J. Perk, B. Hedback, and J. Engvall, “Effects of cardiac rehabilitation after coronary artery bypass grafting on readmissions, return to work, and physical fitness: a case-control study,” Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 45–51, 1990. View at Scopus
  30. J. Niebauer, R. Hambrecht, T. Velich et al., “Attenuated progression of coronary artery disease after 6 years of multifactorial risk intervention: role of physical exercise,” Circulation, vol. 96, no. 8, pp. 2534–2541, 1997. View at Scopus
  31. B. G. Hammill, L. H. Curtis, K. A. Schulman, and D. J. Whellan, “Relationship between cardiac rehabilitation and long-term risks of death and myocardial infarction among elderly medicare beneficiaries,” Circulation, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 63–70, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. Daly, A. P. Sindone, D. R. Thompson, K. Hancock, E. Chang, and P. Davidson, “Barriers to participation in and adherence to cardiac rehabilitation programs: a critical literature review,” Progress in Cardiovascular Nursing, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 8–17, 2002. View at Scopus
  33. J. R. Schairer, T. Kostelnik, S. M. Proffitt et al., “Caloric expenditure during cardiac rehabilitation,” Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 290–294, 1998. View at Scopus
  34. J. R. Schairer, S. J. Keteyian, J. K. Ehrman, C. A. Brawner, and N. D. Berkebile, “Leisure time physical activity of patients in maintenance cardiac rehabilitation,” Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 260–265, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus