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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 918039, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/918039
Review Article

Antidiabetic Potential of the Heme Oxygenase-1 Inducer Curcumin Analogues

1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, 460 Iksandae-ro, Iksan 570-749, Republic of Korea
2Department of Biological Science, University of Ulsan, 30 Daehack-ro, Ulsan 680-749, Republic of Korea
3Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, 460 Iksandae-ro, Iksan 570-749, Republic of Korea

Received 8 June 2013; Accepted 29 August 2013

Academic Editor: Wilson João Cunico Filho

Copyright © 2013 Yong Son et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Although there is a therapeutic treatment to combat diabetes, the identification of agents that may deal with its more serious aspects is an important medical field for research. Diabetes, which contributes to the risk of cardiovascular disease, is associated with a low-grade chronic inflammation (inflammatory stress), oxidative stress, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Because the integration of these stresses is critical to the pathogenesis of diabetes, agents and cellular molecules that can modulate these stress responses are emerging as potential targets for intervention and treatment of diabetic diseases. It has been recognized that heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) plays an important role in cellular protection. Because HO-1 can reduce oxidative stress, inflammatory stress, and ER stress, in part by exerting antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic effects, HO-1 has been suggested to play important roles in pathogenesis of diabetes. In the present review, we will explore our current understanding of the protective mechanisms of HO-1 in diabetes and present some emerging therapeutic options for HO-1 expression in treating diabetic diseases, together with the therapeutic potential of curcumin analogues that have their ability to induce HO-1 expression.