- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Annual Issues
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 918320, 11 pages
Analysis of Complete Genomes of Propionibacterium acnes Reveals a Novel Plasmid and Increased Pseudogenes in an Acne Associated Strain
1Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, Crump Institute for Molecular Imaging, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
2UCLA-DOE Institute for Genomics and Proteomics, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Received 6 February 2013; Accepted 9 April 2013
Academic Editor: Andrew McDowell
Copyright © 2013 Gabriela Kasimatis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- O. L. Aldana, D. B. Holland, and W. J. Cunliffe, “Variation in pilosebaceous duct keratinocyte proliferation in acne patients,” Dermatology, vol. 196, no. 1, pp. 98–99, 1998.
- W. J. Cunliffe, “Management of adult acne and acne variants,” Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery, vol. 2, supplement 3, pp. S7–S13, 1998.
- C. N. Collier, J. C. Harper, W. C. Cantrell, W. Wang, K. W. Foster, and B. E. Elewski, “The prevalence of acne in adults 20 years and older,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 56–59, 2008.
- W. J. Cunliffe, “Looking back to the future—acne,” Dermatology, vol. 204, no. 3, pp. 167–172, 2002.
- G. F. Webster, “Inflammation in acne vulgaris,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 33, no. 2 I, pp. 247–253, 1995.
- H. Gollnick, W. Cunliffe, D. Berson et al., “Management of acne: a report from a global alliance to improve outcomes in acne,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. S1–S37, 2003.
- U. Jappe, “Pathological mechanisms of acne with special emphasis on Propionibacterium acnes and related therapy,” Acta Dermato-Venereologica, vol. 83, no. 4, pp. 241–248, 2003.
- D. Thiboutot, H. Gollnick, V. Bettoli et al., “New insights into the management of acne: an update from the Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne Group,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 60, no. 5, pp. S1–S50, 2009.
- E. A. Grice, H. H. Kong, S. Conlan et al., “Topographical and temporal diversity of the human skin microbiome,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5931, pp. 1190–1192, 2009.
- A. E. Till, V. Goulden, W. J. Cunliffe, and K. T. Holland, “The cutaneous microflora of adolescent, persistent and late-onset acne patients does not differ,” British Journal of Dermatology, vol. 142, no. 5, pp. 885–892, 2000.
- E. A. Grice and J. A. Segre, “The skin microbiome,” Nature Reviews Microbiology, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 244–253, 2011.
- S. Fitz-Gibbon, S. Tomida, B. H. Chiu et al., “Propionibacterium acnes strain populations in the human skin microbiome associated with acne,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 2013.
- H. Brüggemann, A. Henne, F. Hoster et al., “The complete genome sequence of Propionibacterium acnes, a commensal of human skin,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5684, pp. 671–673, 2004.
- T. J. Carver, K. M. Rutherford, M. Berriman, M. A. Rajandream, B. G. Barrell, and J. Parkhill, “ACT: the Artemis comparison tool,” Bioinformatics, vol. 21, no. 16, pp. 3422–3423, 2005.
- A. J. F. Griffiths, “Natural plasmids of filamentous fungi,” Microbiological Reviews, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 673–685, 1995.
- J. Hinnebusch and K. Tilly, “Linear plasmids and chromosomes in bacteria,” Molecular Microbiology, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 917–922, 1993.
- F. Meinhardt, F. Kempken, J. Kamper, and K. Esser, “Linear plasmids among eukaryotes: fundamentals and application,” Current Genetics, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 89–95, 1990.
- M. Rohe, J. Schrunder, P. Tudzynski, and F. Meinhardt, “Phylogenetic relationships of linear, protein-primed replicating genomes,” Current Genetics, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 173–176, 1992.
- T. J. Hosted, T. Wang, and A. C. Horan, “Characterization of the Streptomyces lavendulae IMRU 3455 linear plasmid pSLV45,” Microbiology, vol. 150, no. 6, pp. 1819–1827, 2004.
- J. Hinnebusch and A. G. Barbour, “Linear plasmids of Borrelia burgdorferi have a telomeric structure and sequence similar to those of a eukaryotic virus,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 173, no. 22, pp. 7233–7239, 1991.
- A. G. Barbour and C. F. Garon, “Linear plasmids of the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi have covalently closed ends,” Science, vol. 237, no. 4813, pp. 409–411, 1987.
- A. McDowell, E. Barnard, I. Nagy et al., “An expanded multilocus sequence typing scheme for propionibacterium acnes: investigation of ‘pathogenic’, ‘commensa’ and antibiotic resistant strains,” PLOS ONE, vol. 7, Article ID e41480, 2012.
- C. W. Chen, T. W. Yu, Y. S. Lin, H. M. Kieser, and D. A. Hopwood, “The conjugative plasmid SLP2 of Streptomyces lividans is a 50 kb linear molecule,” Molecular Microbiology, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 925–932, 1993.
- B. Gravius, D. Glocker, J. Pigac, K. Pandza, D. Hranueli, and J. Cullum, “The 387 kb linear plasmid pPZG101 of Streptomyces rimosus and its interactions with the chromosome,” Microbiology, vol. 140, part 9, pp. 2271–2277, 1994.
- K. Kobryn and G. Chaconas, “Fusion of hairpin telomeres by the B. burgdorferi telomere resolvase ResT: implications for shaping a genome in flux,” Molecular Cell, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 783–791, 2005.
- R. R. Marples, D. T. Downing, and A. M. Kligman, “Control of free fatty acids in human surface lipids by Corynebacterium acnes,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 127–131, 1971.
- T. Coenye, E. Peeters, and H. J. Nelis, “Biofilm formation by Propionibacterium acnes is associated with increased resistance to antimicrobial agents and increased production of putative virulence factors,” Research in Microbiology, vol. 158, no. 4, pp. 386–392, 2007.
- S. M. Butler-Wu, D. J. Sengupta, W. Kittichotirat, F. A. Matsen, and R. E. Bumgarner, “Genome sequence of a novel species, Propionibacterium humerusii,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 193, no. 14, p. 3678, 2011.
- H. C. Schreiner, K. Sinatra, J. B. Kaplan et al., “Tight-adherence genes of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans are required for virulence in a rat model,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 100, no. 12, pp. 7295–7300, 2003.
- S. C. Kachlany, P. J. Planet, M. K. Bhattacharjee et al., “Nonspecific adherence by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans requires genes widespread in Bacteria and Archaea,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 182, no. 21, pp. 6169–6176, 2000.
- M. Tomich, P. J. Planet, and D. H. Figurski, “The tad locus: postcards from the widespread colonization island,” Nature Reviews Microbiology, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 363–375, 2007.
- M. J. Kazmierczak, M. Wiedmann, and K. J. Boor, “Alternative sigma factors and their roles in bacterial virulence,” Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, vol. 69, no. 4, pp. 527–543, 2005.
- S. G. E. Andersson and C. G. Kurland, “Reductive evolution of resident genomes,” Trends in Microbiology, vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 263–268, 1998.
- H. Ochman, “Genomes on the shrink,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 102, no. 34, pp. 11959–11960, 2005.
- R. D. Barabote and M. H. Saier Jr., “Comparative genomic analyses of the bacterial phosphotransferase system,” Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, vol. 69, no. 4, pp. 608–634, 2005.
- E. Brzuszkiewicz, J. Weiner, A. Wollherr et al., et al., “Comparative genomics and transcriptomics of Propionibacterium acnes,” PLOS ONE, vol. 6, Article ID e21581, 2011.
- M. W. Van Der Woude and A. J. Bäumler, “Phase and antigenic variation in bacteria,” Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 581–611, 2004.
- S. W. Lee, D. A. Mitchell, A. L. Markley et al., “Discovery of a widely distributed toxin biosynthetic gene cluster,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 105, no. 15, pp. 5879–5884, 2008.
- R. D. Finn, J. Mistry, J. Tate et al., “The Pfam protein families database,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. D211–D222, 2009.
- M. C. Chopin, A. Chopin, and E. Bidnenko, “Phage abortive infection in lactococci: variations on a theme,” Current Opinion in Microbiology, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 473–479, 2005.
- A. E. Darling, I. Miklós, and M. A. Ragan, “Dynamics of genome rearrangement in bacterial populations,” PLoS Genetics, vol. 4, no. 7, Article ID e1000128, 2008.
- B. Horvath, J. Hunyadkurti, A. Voros et al., “Genome sequence of Propionibacterium acnes type II strain ATCC 11828,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 194, pp. 202–203, 2012.
- H. B. Lomholt and M. Kilian, “Population genetic analysis of Propionibacterium acnes identifies a subpopulation and epidemic clones associated with acne,” PLOS ONE, vol. 5, no. 8, Article ID e12277, 2010.
- A. McDowell, A. Gao, E. Barnard et al., “A novel multilocus sequence typing scheme for the opportunistic pathogen propionibacterium acnes and characterization of type I cell surfaceassociated antigens,” Microbiology, vol. 157, no. 7, pp. 1990–2003, 2011.
- I. Nagy, A. Pivarcsi, A. Koreck, M. Széll, E. Urbán, and L. Kemény, “Distinct strains of Propionibacterium acnes induce selective human β-defensin-2 and interleukin-8 expression in human keratinocytes through toll-like receptors,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, vol. 124, no. 5, pp. 931–938, 2005.
- T. Carver, N. Thomson, A. Bleasby, M. Berriman, and J. Parkhill, “DNAPlotter: circular and linear interactive genome visualization,” Bioinformatics, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 119–120, 2009.