About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 919345, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/919345
Research Article

Actin, RhoA, and Rab11 Participation during Encystment in Entamoeba invadens

Departamento de Infectómica y Patogénesis Molecular, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del I.P.N., Avenida Instituto Politécnico Nacional No. 2508, Colonia San Pedro Zacatenco, Delegación Gustavo A. Madero, 07360 México City, DF, Mexico

Received 6 April 2013; Revised 9 August 2013; Accepted 9 August 2013

Academic Editor: Abhay R. Satoskar

Copyright © 2013 M. Herrera-Martínez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. W. McConnachie, “The morphology, formation and development of cysts of Entamoeba,” Parasitology, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 41–53, 1969. View at Scopus
  2. A. Ganguly and A. Lohia, “The cell cycle of Entamoeba invadens during vegetative growth and differentiation,” Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, vol. 112, no. 2, pp. 277–285, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. B. Bailey and S. Rengypian, “Osmotic stress as a factor controlling encystation of Entamoeba invadens,” Archivos de Investigacion Medica, vol. 11, supplement 1, pp. 11–16, 1980. View at Scopus
  4. B. Avron, T. Stolarsky, A. Chayen, and D. Mirelman, “Encystation of Entamoeba invadens IP-1 is induced by lowering the osmotic pressure and depletion of nutrients from the medium,” Journal of Protozoology, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 522–525, 1986. View at Scopus
  5. L. G. Vazquezdelara-Cisneros and A. Arroyo-Begovich, “Induction of encystation of Entamoeba invadens by removal of glucose from the culture medium,” Journal of Parasitology, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. 629–633, 1984. View at Scopus
  6. D. Eichinger, “A role for a galactose lectin and its ligands during encystment of Entamoeba,” Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 17–21, 2001. View at Scopus
  7. A. Makioka, M. Kumagai, H. Ohtomo, S. Kobayashi, and T. Takeuchi, “Effect of cytochalasin D on the growth, encystation, and multinucleation of Entamoeba invadens,” Parasitology Research, vol. 86, no. 7, pp. 599–602, 2000. View at Scopus
  8. R. Dominguez and K. C. Holmes, “Actin structure and function,” Annual Review of Biophysics, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 169–186, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. I. Meza, P. Talamás-Rohana, and M. A. Vargas, “The cytoskeleton of Entamoeba histolytica: structure, function, and regulation by signaling pathways,” Archives of Medical Research, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 234–243, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Ríos, V. I. Hernández-Ramírez, M. Moguel et al., “Participation of Rho, ROCK-2, and GAP activities during actin microfilament rearrangements in Entamoeba histolytica induced by fibronectin signaling,” Cell Biology International, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 984–1000, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. E. Bosch, B. Yang, and D. P. Siderovski, “Entamoeba histolytica Rho1 regulates actin polymerization through a divergent, diaphanous-related formin,” Biochemistry, vol. 51, no. 44, pp. 8791–8801, 2012.
  12. N. C. Segovia-Gamboa, B. Chávez-Munguía, Y. Medina-Flores et al., “Entamoeba invadens, encystation process and enolase,” Experimental Parasitology, vol. 125, no. 2, pp. 63–69, 2010.
  13. A. Castillo-Romero, G. Leon-Avila, C. C. Wang et al., “Rab11 and actin cytoskeleton participate in Giardia lamblia encystation, guiding the specific vesicles to the cyst wall,” PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 4, no. 6, article e697, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. C. McGugan Jr. and L. A. Temesvari, “Characterization of a Rab11-like GTPase, EhRab11, of Entamoeba histolytica,” Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, vol. 129, no. 2, pp. 137–146, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. L. S. Diamond, D. R. Harlow, and C. C. Cunnick, “A new medium for the axenic cultivation of Entamoeba histolytica and other Entamoeba,” Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 431–432, 1978. View at Scopus
  16. L. Sanchez, V. Enea, and D. Eichinger, “Identification of a developmentally regulated transcript expressed during encystation of Entamoeba invadens,” Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 125–135, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Chatterjee, S. K. Ghosh, K. Jang et al., “Evidence for a “wattle and daub” model of the cyst wall of Entamoeba,” PLoS Pathogens, vol. 5, no. 7, Article ID e1000498, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Arroyo-Begovich, A. Carabez-Trejo, and J. Ruiz-Herrera, “Identification of the structural component in the cyst wall of Entamoeba invadens,” Journal of Parasitology, vol. 66, no. 5, pp. 735–741, 1980. View at Scopus
  19. R. Manning-Cela, M. A. Meraz, J. M. Hernandez, and I. Meza, “Actin mRNA levels and actin synthesis during the encystation of Entamoeba invadens,” Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 360–365, 1994. View at Scopus
  20. A. Makioka, M. Kumagai, K. Hiranuka, S. Kobayashi, and T. Takeuchi, “Entamoeba invadens: identification of ADF/cofilin and their expression analysis in relation to encystation and excystation,” Experimental Parasitology, vol. 127, no. 1, pp. 195–201, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. B. Chávez-Munguía, A. R. Cristóbal-Ramos, A. González-Robles, V. Tsutsumi, and A. Martínez-Palomo, “Ultrastructural study of Entamoeba invadens encystation and excystation,” Journal of Submicroscopic Cytology and Pathology, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 235–243, 2003.
  22. B. Chávez-Munguía, P. Talamás-Rohana, A. Ríos, M. González-Lázaro, and A. Martínez-Palomo, “Entamoeba histolytica: fibrilar aggregates in dividing trophozoites,” Experimental Parasitology, vol. 118, no. 2, pp. 280–284, 2007.
  23. M. D. Flanagan and S. Lin, “Cytochalasins block actin filament elongation by binding to high affinity sites associated with F-actin,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 255, no. 3, pp. 835–838, 1980. View at Scopus
  24. M. Uehata, T. Ishizaki, H. Satoh et al., “Calcium sensitization of smooth muscle mediated by a Rho-associated protein kinase in hypertension,” Nature, vol. 389, no. 6654, pp. 990–994, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. Mazzuco, M. Benchimol, and W. De Souza, “Endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi-like elements in Entamoeba,” Micron, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 241–247, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. R. Sanchez-Lopez, S. Gama-Castro, M. A. Ramos, E. Merino, P. M. Lizardi, and A. Alagón, “Cloning and expression of the Entamoeba histolytica ERD2 gene,” Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 355–359, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. K. Ghosh, J. Field, M. Frisardi et al., “Chitinase secretion by encysting Entamoeba invadens and transfected Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites: localization of secretory vesicles, endoplasmic reticulum, and Golgi apparatus,” Infection and Immunity, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 3073–3081, 1999. View at Scopus
  28. R. Siddiqui, E. L. Jarroll, and N. A. Khan, “Balamuthia mandrillaris: role of galactose in encystment and identification of potential inhibitory targets,” Experimental Parasitology, vol. 126, no. 1, pp. 22–27, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. G. Jeelani, D. Sato, A. Husain et al., “Metabolic profiling of the protozoan parasite Entamoeba invadens revealed activation of unpredicted pathway during encystation,” PLoS ONE, vol. 7, no. 5, Article ID e37740, 2012.
  30. A. Y. Kolyada, K. N. Riley, and I. M. Herman, “Rho GTPase signaling modulates cell shape and contractile phenotype in an isoactin-specific manner,” The American Journal of Physiology, vol. 285, no. 5, pp. C1116–C1121, 2003. View at Scopus