Table 1: Comparison of preexisting conditions, bacterial source, site of infection, and ICU evolution.

28-day survival ( )28-day death ( )
m ± SD or (%)m ± SD or (%)

Age (years)63 ± 1762 ± 14NS
Male gender31 (72%)19 (70%)NS
Body mass index (kg/m2)26.3 ± 7.027.2 ± 6.8NS
Duration of hospitalization in ICU (days)14.0 ± 12.49.8 ± 10.1
Preexisting conditions
 Diabetes18 (42%)3 (11%)0.007
 Denutrition5 (12%)4 (15%)NS
 Hypertension24 (56%)15 (56%)NS
 Ischemic heart disease10 (23%)4 (15%)NS
 Congestive heart failure6 (14%)3 (11%)NS
 Chronic renal failure4 (9%)4 (15%)NS
 Chronic respiratory disease11 (26%)6 (22%)NS
 Homeopathy and cancer5 (12%)7 (26%)NS
 Immunosuppression10 (23%)11 (41%)NS
Bacterial source
 Gram-negative7 (16%)10 (37%)0.030
 Gram-positive17 (40%)8 (30%)
 Other*3 (7%)5 (19%)
 No pathogen17 (40%)4 (15%)
Site of infection
 Lung25 (36%)18 (26%)NS
 Catheter1 (1%)3 (4%)
 Endocardium4 (6%)0
 Abdomen6 (9%)1 (1%)
 Soft tissues1 (1%)3 (4%)
 Kidney5 (7%)2 (3%)

Other: 2 Pneumocystis Jirovecii, 1 Geotrichum spp. ICU: intensive care unit.