Table 1: Characteristics of xanthelasma cases and controls.

VariablesCase ( )%Control ( )%

Age (yrs)
 ≤4069.8
 40–604573.77
 >601016.39
Sex
 Male3455.77759.2
 Female2744.35340.8
Ethnicity
 Hindu5081.978766.9
 Muslim1118.033829.2
 Sikh0053.8
Tobacco
 Smoking1321.32116.15
 Oral Tobacco813.164.6
 Both34.953.85
Pattern
 Unilateral1524.6
 Bilateral (2 eyelids)3049.18
 3 eyelids 069.8
 4 eyelids1016.14
Associated
 Dyslipidemia12 ( )6028 ( )57.14
Conditions
 Hypertension23 ( )37.714 ( )12.17
 Diabetes11 ( )18.033 ( )2.3
 CAD04 ( )6.5600
 Prehypertension05 ( )8.7717 ( )14.78
 Prediabetes05 ( )26.312 ( )26.67

XP with smoking: HTN ( ; 43.8%)
XP without smoking: HTN ( ; 35.6%)

XP with obesity: HTN ( ; 40%)
XP without obesity: HTN ( ; 12.5%)

XP: xanthelasma palpebrarum; CAD: coronary artery disease; HTN: hypertension.