- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 949076, 9 pages
Household Survey of Pesticide Practice, Deliberate Self-Harm, and Suicide in the Sundarban Region of West Bengal, India
1Institute of Psychiatry, 7 D.L. Khan Road, Kolkata 700 025, India
2Stuart Road Resource Centre, Northamptonshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, Corby, Northants NN17 1RJ, UK
3Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, Swiss Tropical & Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
4University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Received 27 April 2013; Revised 26 July 2013; Accepted 30 July 2013
Academic Editor: Niranjan Saggurti
Copyright © 2013 Sohini Banerjee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- World Health Organisation and United Nations Environment Program, Public Health Impact of Pesticides in Agriculture, WHO/UNEP, Geneva, Switzerland, 1990.
- J. Jeyarathnam, “Acute pesticide poisoning: a major global health problem,” World Health Statistics Quarterly, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 139–144, 1990.
- D. Gunnell and M. Eddleston, “Suicide by intentional ingestion of pesticides: a continuing tragedy in developing countries,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 902–909, 2003.
- M. Eddleston and M. R. Phillips, “Self poisoning with pesticides,” British Medical Journal, vol. 328, no. 7430, pp. 42–44, 2004.
- C. H. S. Rao, V. Venkateswarlu, T. Surender, M. Eddleston, and N. A. Buckley, “Pesticide poisoning in south India: opportunities for prevention and improved medical management,” Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 581–588, 2005.
- J. M. Bertolote, A. Fleischmann, M. Eddleston, and D. Gunnell, “Deaths from pesticide poisoning: a global response,” British Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 189, pp. 201–203, 2006.
- J. M. Bertolote, A. Fleischmann, A. Butchart, and N. Besbelli, “Suicide, suicide attempts and pesticides: a major hidden public health problem,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 260–260, 2006.
- M. Khan, “Health and environmental impacts of pesticides use in agriculture,” British Journal of Social Sciences, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 26–46, 2012.
- L. London, A. J. Flisher, C. Wesseling, D. Mergler, and H. Kromhout, “Suicide and exposure to organophosphate insecticides: cause or effect?” The American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 308–321, 2005.
- M. Keifer, R. McConnell, A. Felicano, et al., “Estimated underreported pesticide poisonings in Nicaragua,” The American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 30, pp. 195–201, 1996.
- M. Silverman and R. Maris, “The prevention of suicidal behaviors: an overview,” Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 10–21, 1995.
- U.S. Public Health Service, The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Prevent Suicide, U.S. Public Health Service, Washington, DC, USA, 1999.
- J. M. Bertolote, A. Fleischmann, D. de Leo, and D. Wasserman, “Suicide and mental disorders: do we know enough?” British Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 183, pp. 382–383, 2003.
- K. L. Knox, Y. Conwell, and E. D. Caine, “If suicide is a public health problem, what are we doing to prevent it?” The American Journal of Public Health, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 37–45, 2004.
- A. N. Chowdhury, D. Sanyal, S. K. Dutta, and M. G. Weiss, “Deliberate self-harm by ingestion of poisons on Sagar Island in the Sundarban Delta, India,” International Medical Journal, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 85–91, 2003.
- A. N. Chowdhury and M. G. Weiss, “Eco-stress and mental health in Sundarban Delta, India,” in The Dying Earth: People’s Action and Nature’s Reaction, M. Desai and M. K. Raha, Eds., pp. 108–119, ACB Publications with Netaji Institute for Asian Studies, Kolkata, India, 2004.
- A. N. Chowdhury, A. Brahma, S. Banerjee, and M. K. Biswas, “Psychiatric morbidity at primary care: study from a community mental health clinic at Sundarban, India,” International Medical Journal, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 11–18, 2005.
- K. R. Naskar and D. N. Guhabakshi, Mangrove Swamps of the Sunderbands: An Ecological Perspective, Naya Prokash, Kolkata, India, 1987.
- K. R. Naskar, Indian Sundarban and the Mangroves, West Bengal State Book Bureau, Kolkata, India, 1998.
- S. S. Chatterjee, “Bengal’s southern frontier, 1757 to 1948,” Studies in History, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 69–97, 2012.
- Statistical Handbook West Bengal: 2005 & 2006 Combined, Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, 2006, http://wbplan.gov.in/htm/ReportPub/WB_Handbook.pdf.
- A. N. Chowdhury, S. Banerjee, S. Das et al., “Household survey of suicidal behaviour in a coastal village of Sundarban Region, India,” International Medical Journal, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 275–282, 2005.
- M. R. Phillips, G. Yang, Y. Zhang, L. Wang, H. Ji, and M. Zhou, “Risk factors for suicide in China: a national case-control psychological autopsy study,” The Lancet, vol. 360, no. 9347, pp. 1728–1736, 2002.
- D. A. Patil and R. J. Katti, “Modern agriculture, pesticides and human health: a case of agricultural labourers in Western Maharasthra,” Journal of Rural Development, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 305–318, 2012.
- J. Flocks, P. Monaghan, S. Albrecht, and A. Bahena, “Florida farmworkers' perceptions and lay knowledge of occupational pesticides,” Journal of Community Health, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 181–194, 2007.
- F. G. Palis, R. J. Flor, H. Warburton, and M. Hossain, “Our farmers at risk: behaviour and belief system in pesticide safety,” Journal of Public Health, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 43–48, 2006.
- O. O. Ibitayo, “Egyptian farmers' attitudes and behaviors regarding agricultural pesticides: implications for pesticide risk communication,” Risk Analysis, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 989–995, 2006.
- S. Güun and M. Kan, “Pesticide use in Turkish greenhouses: health and environmental consciousness,” Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 607–615, 2009.
- X. Rathinam, R. Kota, and N. Thiyagar, “Farmers and formulations—rural health perspective,” Medical Journal of Malaysia, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 118–124, 2005.
- L. London and R. Bailie, “Challenges for improving surveillance for pesticide poisoning: policy implications for developing countries,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 564–570, 2001.
- D. Murray, C. Wesseling, M. Keifer, M. Corriols, and S. Henao, “Surveillance of pesticide-related illness in the developing world: putting the data to work,” International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 243–248, 2002.
- R. Aaron, A. Joseph, S. Abraham et al., “Suicides in young people in rural southern India,” The Lancet, vol. 363, no. 9415, pp. 1117–1118, 2004.
- M. K. Ahmed, J. van Ginneken, A. Razzaque, and N. Alam, “Violent deaths among women of reproductive age in rural Bangladesh,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 311–319, 2004.
- C. H. Cantor, “Suicide in the Western world,” in The International Handbook of Suicide and Attempted Suicide, K. Hawton and K. van Heeringen, Eds., pp. 9–28, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 2000.
- A. V. Rao, N. Mahendran, C. Gopalakrishnan, et al., “One hundred female burn cases: a study in suicidology,” Indian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 43–50, 1989.
- J. M. Bertolote and A. Fleishmann, “A global perspective in the epidemiology of suicide,” Suicidology, vol. 2, pp. 6–8, 2002.