- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Annual Issues
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 950719, 9 pages
Kinematic Measures during a Clinical Diagnostic Technique for Human Neck Disorder: Inter- and Intraexaminer Comparisons
1Department of Family Medicine, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
3Biomechanics Division, MEA Forensic Engineers & Scientists, Laguna Hills, CA 92653, USA
4Department of Mathematical Sciences and Center for Quantitative Analysis, Bentley University, Waltham, MA 02452, USA
Received 30 August 2012; Accepted 5 January 2013
Academic Editor: Miguel A. Rivero
Copyright © 2013 Joseph Vorro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- J. Perry and J. M. Burnfield, Gait Analysis: Normal and Pathological Function, Thorofare, New Jersey, NJ, USA, 2010.
- A. D. Woolf and B. Pfleger, “Burden of major musculoskeletal conditions,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 81, no. 9, pp. 646–656, 2003.
- World Health Organization, “The burden of musculoskeletal conditions at the start of the new millenium,” WHO Technical Report 919, Geneva, Switzerland, 2003.
- Bone and Joint Decade, 2002-USA-2011, “The Burden of Musculoskeletal Diseases in the United States, Executive Summary,” American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, pp. 1–9, 2008.
- R. Fejer, K. O. Kyvik, and J. Hartvigsen, “The prevalence of neck pain in the world population: a systematic critical review of the literature,” European Spine Journal, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 834–848, 2006.
- J. Hartvigsen, K. Christensen, and H. Frederiksen, “Back and neck pain exhibit many common features in old age: a population-based study of 4,486 danish twins 70–102 years of age,” Spine, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 576–580, 2004.
- M. A. Seffinger, W. I. Najm, S. I. Mishra et al., “Reliability of spinal palpation for diagnosis of back and neck pain: a systematic review of the literature,” Spine, vol. 29, no. 19, pp. E413–E425, 2004.
- T. S. Carey, J. Garrett, A. Jackman, C. McLaughlin, J. Fryer, and D. R. Smucker, “The outcomes and costs of care for acute low back pain among patients seen by primary care practitioners, chiropractors, and orthopedic surgeons,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 333, no. 14, pp. 913–917, 1995.
- P. S. Khalsa, A. Eberhart, A. Cotler, and R. Nahin, “The 2005 conference on the biology of manual therapies,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 341–346, 2006.
- D. J. Magee, Orthopedic Physical Assessment, Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2002.
- A. H. Wheeler, P. Goolkasian, A. C. Baird, and B. V. Darden, “Development of the neck pain and disability scale: item analysis, face, and criterion-related validity,” Spine, vol. 24, no. 13, pp. 1290–1294, 1999.
- W. Johnston, H. Friedman, and D. Eland, Functional Methods: A Manual for Palpatory Skill Development in Osteropathic Examination & Manipulation of Motor Function, American Academy of Osteopathy, Indianapolis, Ind, USA, 2005.
- L. DeStefano, Greenman’S Principles of Manual Medicine, Wolters Kluwer, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2011.
- C. Reinschmidt and A. J. van den Bogert, “KineMat: A MATLAB Toolbox for Three-Dimensional Kinematic Analyses International Society of Biomechanics,” 1997, http://www.isbweb.org/software/movanal/kinemat.
- M. Whittle and J. Walker, “The three dimensional measurement of head movement,” in Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on the 3-D Analysis of Human Movement University of South Florida, Tampa, Fla, USA, 2004.
- M. A. Williams, C. J. McCarthy, A. Chorti, M. W. Cooke, and S. Gates, “A systematic review of reliability and validity studies of methods for measuring active and passive cervical range of motion,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 138–155, 2010.
- M. T. Haneline and M. Young, “A review of intraexaminer and interexaminer reliability of static spinal palpation: a literature synthesis,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 379–386, 2009.
- J. J. Deeks, “Systematic reviews in health care: systematic reviews of evaluations of diagnostic and screening tests,” British Medical Journal, vol. 323, no. 7305, pp. 157–162, 2001.
- D. Hollerwöger, “Methodological quality and outcomes of studies addressing manual cervical spine examinations: a review,” Manual Therapy, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 93–98, 2006.
- J. M. W. Ngan, D. H. K. Chow, and A. D. Holmes, “The kinematics and intra- and inter-therapist consistencies of lower cervical rotational manipulation,” Medical Engineering and Physics, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 395–401, 2005.
- L. Vogt, C. Segieth, W. Banzer, and H. Himmelreich, “Movement behaviour in patients with chronic neck pain,” Physiotherapy Research International, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 206–212, 2007.
- B. Cagnie, A. Cools, V. De Loose, D. Cambier, and L. Danneels, “Reliability and normative database of the zebris cervical range-of-motion system in healthy controls with preliminary validation in a group of patients with neck pain,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 450–455, 2007.
- J. Y. Maigne, F. Chantelot, and G. Chatellier, “Interexaminer agreement of clinical examination of the neck in manual medicine,” Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 41–48, 2009.
- J. J. Pool, J. L. Hoving, H. C. De Vet, H. Van Mameren, and L. M. Bouter, “The interexaminer reproducibility of physical examination of the cervical spine,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 84–90, 2004.
- N. Strimpakos, “The assessment of the cervical spine. Part 1: range of motion and proprioception,” Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 114–124, 2011.
- N. Strimpakos, V. Sakellari, G. Gioftsos et al., “Cervical spine ROM measurements: optimizing the testing protocol by using a 3D ultrasound-based motion analysis system,” Cephalalgia, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 1133–1145, 2005.
- P. Sjölander, P. Michaelson, S. Jaric, and M. Djupsjöbacka, “Sensorimotor disturbances in chronic neck pain-Range of motion, peak velocity, smoothness of movement, and repositioning acuity,” Manual Therapy, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 122–131, 2008.
- T. Prushansky, E. Pevzner, C. Gordon, and Z. Dvir, “Performance of cervical motion in chronic whiplash patients and healthy subjects: the case of atypical patients,” Spine, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 37–43, 2006.
- H. S. Bahat, P. L. Weiss, and Y. Laufer, “The effect of neck pain on cervical kinematics, as assessed in a virtual environment,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 91, no. 12, pp. 1884–1890, 2010.
- W. I. Najm, M. A. Seffinger, S. I. Mishra et al., “Content validity of manual spinal palpatory exams—a systematic review,” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–4, 2003.
- C. A. Lantz, J. Chen, and D. Buch, “Clinical validity and stability of active and passive cervical range of motion with regard to total and unilateral uniplanar motion,” Spine, vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 1082–1089, 1999.
- A. L. Morphett, C. M. Crawford, and D. Lee, “The use of electromagnetic tracking technology for measurement of passive cervical range of motion: a pilot study,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 152–159, 2003.
- T. R. Bush and J. Vorro, “Kinematic measures to objectify head and neck motions in palpatory diagnosis: a pilot study,” Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, vol. 108, no. 2, pp. 55–62, 2008.
- Z. Dvir, T. Prushansky, and C. Peretz, “Maximal versus feigned active cervical motion in healthy patients: the coefficient of variation as an indicator for sincerity of effort,” Spine, vol. 26, no. 15, pp. 1680–1688, 2001.
- Z. Dvir, N. Gal-Eshel, B. Shamir, E. Pevzner, C. Peretz, and N. Knoller, “Simulated pain and cervical motion in patients with chronic disorders of the cervical spine,” Pain Research and Management, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 131–136, 2004.
- P. T. Dall'Alba, M. M. Sterling, J. M. Treleaven, S. L. Edwards, and G. A. Jull, “Cervical range of motion discriminates between asymptomatic persons and those with whiplash,” Spine, vol. 26, no. 19, pp. 2090–2094, 2001.
- H. Grip, G. Sundelin, B. Gerdle, and J. S. Karlsson, “Variations in the axis of motion during head repositioning—a comparison of subjects with whiplash-associated disorders or non-specific neck pain and healthy controls,” Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 865–873, 2007.
- T. R. Bush, J. Vorro, G. Alderink, S. Gorbis, M. Li, and S. Leitkam, “Relating a manual medicine diagnostic test of cervical motion function to specific three-dimensional kinematic variables,” International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 48–55, 2010.
- P. H. Trott, M. J. Pearcy, S. A. Ruston, I. Fulton, and C. Brien, “Three-dimensional analysis of active cervical motion: the effect of age and gender,” Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 201–206, 1996.
- V. Feipel, P. Salvia, H. Klein, and M. Rooze, “Head repositioning accuracy in patients with whiplash-associated disorders,” Spine, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. E51–E58, 2006.
- M. Alund, S. E. Larsson, and T. Lewin, “Work-related persistent neck impairment: a study on former steelworks grinders,” Ergonomics, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 1253–1260, 1994.