Table 1: Demographics, risk factors, and stroke etiologies of IS and control groups.

IS ( )Control ( )

Demographics
 Age (±SD)66.6 ± 8.466.1 ± 5.20.287
 Male (%)291 (66.1)314 (64.7)0.626
Risk factors
 Smoking (%)121 (27.5)98 (20.2)0.009
 Body mass index (BMI) (Kg m−2) (mean ± SD)24.9 ± 3.624.8 ± 3.10.002
 Hypertension (%)262 (59.5)244 (50.2)0.004
 Diabetes mellitus (DM) (%)126 (28.6)62 (12.8)<0.05
 LDL (mmol/L) (mean ± SD)3.0 ± 0.83.0 ± 0.60.03
 Large arterial atherosclerosis (LAA), (%) 320 (72.7)
 Cardioembolism (CE), (%)32 (7.3)
 Small vessel disease (SVD), (%)88 (20.0)