Table 1: Characteristics of rice straw.

ParametersValues (%)

Total solids (TSs)95.8 ± 3.6
Volatile solid (VS)84.0 ± 4.3 (of TS)
Total carbon (TC)33.96 ± 1.87
Total nitrogen (TN)0.49 ± 0.040
Carbon-to-nitrogen (C/N) ratio69.31 ± 3.64

Result = mean ± standard deviation (SD).