About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 167438, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/167438
Research Article

Obsessive-Compulsive Aspects and Pathological Gambling in an Italian Sample

1Department of Human, Social and Health Sciences, University of Cassino, 03043 Cassino, Italy
2Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, Kore University of Enna, 94100 Enna, Italy
3Department of Neuroscience and Imaging, Institute of Psychiatry, G. d’Annunzio University of Chieti-Pescara, 66100 Chieti, Italy
4Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Sciences and Odontostomatology, Federico II University of Naples, 80138 Naples, Italy
5Hermanas Hospitalarias, Villa San Giuseppe Hospital, 63100 Ascoli Piceno, Italy
6Department of Educational Sciences, University of Catania, 95124 Catania, Italy
7Institute of Psychiatry and Psychology, Catholic University of Rome, 00198 Rome, Italy

Received 14 March 2014; Revised 22 May 2014; Accepted 3 June 2014; Published 25 June 2014

Academic Editor: Ornella Corazza

Copyright © 2014 Filippo Petruccelli et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Gambling behaviour appears as repetitive and difficult to resist and seems to be aimed at neutralizing or reducing negative feelings such as anxiety and tension, confirming its similarities with the obsessive-compulsive spectrum. Aims. Estimating the prevalence of gambling behaviour in an Italian sample and assessing the effects of sociodemographic variables and the correlations between gambling behaviour and obsessive-compulsive features. Methods. A sample of 300 Italian subjects was evaluated based on gambling behaviours and obsessive-compulsive attitudes. The assessment was carried out in small centers in Italy, mainly in coffee and tobacco shops, where slot machines are located, using the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS) and the MOCQ-R, a reduced form of Maudsley Obsessional-Compulsive Questionnaire. Results. A negative correlation between SOGS and MOPQ-R, with reference to the control and cleaning subscales, was evidenced in the majority of the examined subjects. Both evaluating instruments showed reliability and a good discriminative capacity. Conclusions. Our study evidenced that the sample of gamblers we analysed did not belong to the obsessive-compulsive disorders area, supporting the validity of the model proposed by DSM-5 for the classification of PG. These data confirm the importance of investing in treatments similar to those used for substance use disorders.