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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 602719, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/602719
Research Article

The Dynamic Trends of HIV Prevalence, Risks, and Prevention among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Chongqing, China

1National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100026, China
2Chongqing Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chongqing 400042, China

Received 20 October 2013; Accepted 12 January 2014; Published 25 March 2014

Academic Editor: Yujiang Jia

Copyright © 2014 Gang Zeng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. This study was to characterize the continuously changing trends of HIV prevalence, risks, sexual behaviors, and testing behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chongqing, China. Methods. Five consecutive cross-sectional surveys were conducted among MSM in 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012, and 2013. Testing for HIV and syphilis was performed, and HIV risks, sexual behavior, prevention, and HIV testing behavior were collected using the same questionnaire. Results. HIV prevalence increased from 13.0% to 19.7% from 2006 to 2013 ( ), with an increase of 1.0% per year. Syphilis prevalence peaked in 2008 with a positive rate of 11.6% and then experienced a sharp drop to 2.8% in 2012 and 2.9% in 2013. Percentage of those who ever received HIV testing in the last year increased from 17.0% to 43.3% ( ); condom use at the last anal intercourse and reported consistent condom use in the last 6 months increased from 51.8% to 71.0% ( ) and from 24.7% to 47.9% ( ), respectively. Conclusions. HIV continued to spread among MSM in Chongqing even when a decline in prevalence of syphilis and increase in awareness rate, condom use, and HIV testing seeking behaviors seemed to occur.