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Gender Differences in Operational Environments

Call for Papers

Gender difference is a stimulating topic including a broad spectrum of cognitive abilities in which differences have been reported between the sexes. This is a hot issue in human performance and experimental psychology, since sex differences emerge in spatial cognition, executive functions, verbal fluency, decision-making, and emotional processes. Many findings are not yet clear, and a comprehensive framework for interpreting the disparate results has still to be worked out. Recent advances in functional imaging methods allow for the comparative investigation of neurobehavioral neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, pertaining to cognitive and emotional processes in healthy men and women, and the identification and functional analysis of sex differences. As an example, coupling functional imaging with neuroendocrine studies has yielded evidence suggesting gender differences in blood flow, glucose metabolism, and receptor activity.

A more advanced understanding of behavioural gender differences and commonalities in operational environments is desirable because it could afford knowledge of their real entity (as opposed to their persistence as a by-product of social stereotypes) and could help determine whether the differences could be exploited positively or mitigated via selection and training. In this context, operational environments would include not only military but also civilian environments in which high-level cognitive abilities are required as well as the ability to select, optimize, and inhibit behaviour. Examples include workers confronting emergency situations. We invite researchers to contribute original research articles as well as review articles to this special issue. Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Gender differences revealed from neuroimaging studies
  • Animal studies on gender specific differences and translation into research in humans
  • Differences among sexes in processing stress-related events
  • Role played by hormonal levels or by the use of neurosteroids in determining sex differences’ behaviours
  • Differences in environmental cue perception influencing sex behaviours
  • Decision making, moral dilemmas, and emotions in emergency situations
  • Linguistic choice and fluency in negotiating and in critical situations (e.g., peacekeeping; communication of negative prognosis)
  • “Crew resource management” vs. “mitigation”: how can gender differences be exploited beneficially to enhance operational effectiveness and safety?

Before submission authors should carefully read over the journal’s Author Guidelines, which are located at http://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/guidelines/. Prospective authors should submit an electronic copy of their complete manuscript through the journal Manuscript Tracking System at http://mts.hindawi.com/submit/journals/bmri/physiology/gendif/ according to the following timetable:

Manuscript DueFriday, 25 April 2014
First Round of ReviewsFriday, 18 July 2014
Publication DateFriday, 12 September 2014

Lead Guest Editor

  • Laura Piccardi, Life Health and Environmental Science Department, University of L’Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy

Guest Editors

  • Paola Verde, Flight Experimental Centre, Airospace Medical Department, Rome, Italy
  • Jeremy Michael Alexander Beer, Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Naval Medical Research Unit, San Antonio, TX, USA