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Organic and Inorganic Components in Gunshot Residues: Analytical and Quantitative Analysis
Call for Papers
The analysis of GSR is considered one of the most reliable methods for the evaluation of gunshot wounds and for the analysis of the shooting distance. Gunshot residues are composed of unburned and partially burnt propellant powder, particles from the ammunition primer, smoke, grease, lubricants, and metals from the cartridge as well as the weapon itself. The formation and dispersion of metallic GSR are not accidental and may serve to better understand possible differences in the quantity and quality of the particles originating from physically the same cartridge. Detection and identification of primer residues are of paramount importance in the forensic setting. These investigations can be performed by several methods which involve atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) either with flame (FAAS) or electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS), neutron activation analysis (NAA), scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray (SEM/EDX) spectroscopy, component analysis employing X-ray fluorescence (XRF), and proton-induced X-ray emission technique (PIXE) which are methods for GSR detection and identification on suspects of shooting, on clothing items, and on objects. Results of recent study have demonstrated that SEM/EDX method being normally used for detection of characteristic gunshot residues can be useful to obtain information on differences in sizes of the particles as well as the proportions of their chemical classes depending on the distance from the muzzle of a gun, both in the direction of shooting and the opposite one. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) is a recently viable alternative technique, and several studies have appeared describing the role of ICP-MS in forensic investigations, including GSR analyses on bullets, on fragments, and on objects. ICP-MS has been used, experimentally, for firing distance estimation through the analysis of GSR on a different target after a shot.
We invite authors to submit original research articles as well as review articles that explore all the aspects of wound ballistic research, particularly focusing on the analytical and quantitative analysis of gunshot residues. Potential topics include, but are not limited to:
- Historical overview of wound ballistics research and forensic gunshot residues (GSRs) analysis.
- Elucidating the pathology of firearms fatalities.
- Focusing the methodology and the protocols of collection of biological materials searching for GSRs.
- Discussing the different methods and techniques of GSR analysis.
- Estimating the approach for interpreting the evidence in GSR analysis.
Before submission authors should carefully read over the journal’s Author Guidelines, which are located at http://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/guidelines/. Prospective authors should submit an electronic copy of their complete manuscript through the journal Manuscript Tracking System at http://mts.hindawi.com/submit/journals/bmri/pathology/gsr/ according to the following timetable:
|Manuscript Due||Friday, 14 February 2014|
|First Round of Reviews||Friday, 9 May 2014|
|Publication Date||Friday, 4 July 2014|
Lead Guest Editor
- Emanuela Turillazzi, Department of Forensic Science, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy