Table 1: The clinical characteristics of all subjects.

CasesControls
Aggressive
( )
Nonaggressive
( )

Age
 Mean ± SD
IPSS
 Mean ± SD N/A
PSA
 tPSA (ng/mL)
  <4%107 (58.2)139 (57.4)N/A
  ≥4%77 (41.8)103 (42.6)N/A
 fPSA (%)*
  <25% 125 (67.9)100 (41.3)N/A
  ≥25% 58 (31.5)141 (58.3)N/A
TPV
 Median
 ( )
10 (50, 90)74 (62, 90)N/A

fPSA and IPSS information from one of the aggressive BPH cases missed.