- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
Child Development Research
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 450178, 6 pages
Visual Processing Speeds in Children
1Department of Psychology, Illinois State University, Campus Box 4620, Normal, IL 61790-4620, USA
2Department of Psychology, University of Derby, Derby DE22 1GB, UK
Received 20 September 2010; Accepted 15 March 2011
Academic Editor: Tricia Striano
Copyright © 2011 Steve Croker and Frances A. Maratos. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- S. P. Tipper and B. Weaver, “The medium of attention: location-based, object-centered or scene-based?” in Visual Attention, R. D. Wright, Ed., pp. 77–107, Oxford University Press, Oxford, USA, 1998.
- N. Lavie, “Perceptual load as a necessary condition for selective attention,” Journal of Experimental Psychology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 451–468, 1995.
- C. L. Huang-Pollock, T. H. Carr, and J. T. Nigg, “Development of selective attention: perceptual load influences early versus late attentional selection in children and adults,” Developmental Psychology, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 363–375, 2002.
- K. L. Shapiro, K. M. Arnell, and J. E. Raymond, “The attentional blink,” Trends in Cognitive Sciences, vol. 1, no. 8, pp. 291–296, 1997.
- P. E. Dux and R. Marois, “The attentional blink: a review of data and theory,” Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, vol. 71, no. 8, pp. 1683–1700, 2009.
- C. S. R. Li, W. H. Lin, Y. Y. Yang, C. C. Huang, T. W. Chen, and Y. C. Chen, “Impairment of temporal attention in patients with schizophrenia,” Neuroreport, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 1427–1430, 2002.
- P. J. Barnard, C. Ramponi, G. Battye, and B. Mackintosh, “Anxiety and the deployment of visual attention over time,” Visual Cognition, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 181–211, 2005.
- P. D. Rokke, K. M. Arnell, M. D. Koch, and J. T. Andrews, “Dual-task attention deficits in dysphoric mood,” Journal of Abnormal Psychology, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 370–379, 2002.
- C. S. Ray Li, S. H. Chen, W. H. Lin, and Y. Y. Yang, “Attentional blink in adolescents with varying levels of impulsivity,” Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 197–205, 2005.
- T. A. W. Visser, C. Boden, and D. E. Giaschi, “Children with dyslexia: evidence for visual attention deficits in perception of rapid sequences of objects,” Vision Research, vol. 44, no. 21, pp. 2521–2535, 2004.
- D. J. Mason, G. W. Humphreys, and L. Kent, “Insights into the control of attentional set in ADHD using the attentional blink paradigm,” Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, vol. 46, no. 12, pp. 1345–1353, 2005.
- G. L. Lacroix, I. Constantinescu, D. Cousineau, R. G. De Almeida, N. Segalowitz, and M. Von Grünau, “Attentional blink differences between adolescent dyslexic and normal readers,” Brain and Cognition, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 115–119, 2005.
- F. A. Maratos, K. Mogg, and B. P. Bradley, “Identification of angry faces in the attentional blink,” Cognition and Emotion, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 1340–1352, 2008.
- J. Morton and M. H. Johnson, “CONSPEC and CONLERN: a two-process theory of infant face recognition,” Psychological Review, vol. 98, no. 2, pp. 164–181, 1991.
- G. M. T. McLean, A. Castles, V. Coltheart, and G. W. Stuart, “No evidence for a prolonged attentional blink in developmental dyslexia,” Cortex, vol. 46, no. 10, pp. 1317–1329, 2010.
- A. Facoetti, M. Ruffino, A. Peru, P. Paganoni, and L. Chelazzi, “Sluggish engagement and disengagement of non-spatial attention in dyslexic children,” Cortex, vol. 44, no. 9, pp. 1221–1233, 2008.
- M. I. Posner and S. E. Petersen, “The attention system of the human brain,” Annual Review of Neuroscience, vol. 13, pp. 25–42, 1990.
- D. H. Lawrence, “Two studies of visual search for word targets with controlled rates of presentation,” Perception and Psychophysics, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 85–89, 1971.
- R. Kail, “Developmental change in speed of processing during childhood and adolescence,” Psychological Bulletin, vol. 109, no. 3, pp. 490–501, 1991.
- D. Wechsler, Manual for the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised, Psychological Corporation, New York, NY, USA, 1974.
- L. M. Dunn and E. C. Markwardt, Manual for Peabody Individual Achievement Test, American Guidance Service, Circle Pines, Minn, USA, 1970.
- H. Palisin, “Preschool temperament and performance on achievement tests,” Developmental Psychology, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 766–770, 1986.
- M. Kwon, G. E. Legge, and B. R. Dubbels, “Developmental changes in the visual span for reading,” Vision Research, vol. 47, no. 22, pp. 2889–2900, 2007.
- R. Kail and L. K. Hall, “Distinguishing short-term memory from working memory,” Memory and Cognition, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2001.
- A. R. Jensen, “Why is reaction time correlated with psychometric g?” Current Directions in Psychological Science, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 53–56, 1993.
- A. F. Fry and S. Hale, “Processing speed, working memory, and fluid intelligence: evidence for a developmental cascade,” Psychological Science, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 237–241, 1996.
- A. F. Fry and S. Hale, “Relationships among processing speed, working memory, and fluid intelligence in children,” Biological Psychology, vol. 54, no. 1–3, pp. 1–34, 2000.
- R. V. Kail and C. A. Miller, “Developmental change in processing speed: domain specificity and stability during childhood and adolescence,” Journal of Cognition and Development, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 119–137, 2006.
- E. McKone, N. Kanwisher, and B. C. Duchaine, “Can generic expertise explain special processing for faces?” Trends in Cognitive Sciences, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 8–15, 2007.
- D. Wechsler, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, The Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, Tex, USA, 3rd edition, 1991.
- J. Sattler, Assessment of Children: Cognitive Applications, La Mesa, Calif, USA, 4th edition, 2001.
- K. M. Arnell, A. E. Howe, M. F. Joanisse, and R. M. Klein, “Relationships between attentional blink magnitude, RSVP target accuracy, and performance on other cognitive tasks,” Memory and Cognition, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 1472–1483, 2006.
- P. Ekman, Emotions Revealed: Recognising Faces and Feelings to Improve Communication and Emotional Life, Times Books, New York, NY, USA, 2003.
- C. L. Larson, J. Aronoff, I. C. Sarinopoulos, and D. C. Zhu, “Recognizing threat: a simple geometric shape activates neural circuitry for threat detection,” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1523–1535, 2009.