Table 2: Standardized direct, indirect, and total effects on cognition.

Model 1 (Figure 2)Model 2 (Figure 3)

Standardized direct effects
Education Cognition (t1)0.131**
Home Environment Cognition (t1)0.318**
Education Cognition (t2)0.119*0.020
Home Environment Cognition (t2)0.181**−0.036+
Standardized indirect effects
Education Cognition (t1)0.144
Home Environment Cognition (t1)
Education Cognition (t2)0.0790.166
Home Environment Cognition (t2)0.211
Standardized total effects
Education Cognition (t1)0.271**
Home Environment Cognition (t1)0.318**
Education Cognition (t2)0.198**0.186*
Home Environment Cognition (t2)0.181**0.176**

Note. Own calculations with data of the project “Preschool Education and Educational Careers among Migrant Children.”
Significant + 𝑃 < . 1 0 . 𝑃 < . 0 5 . 𝑃 < . 0 1 .