Table 3: Avenues by which we reach 100. Centenarians who first experience chronic disease before 80 are termed survivors. Centenarians who first experience chronic disease in the interval 80–98 years of age are termed delayers. Centenarians who experience chronic disease only at 98 or older are termed escapers. (a) Fraction of survivors, delayers, and escapers in the GCS [3] and NECS [4] studies. (b) Fraction of survivors, delayers, and escapers in the GCS and NECS studies when matched on the chronic diseases of NECS. (c) Fraction of survivors, delayers, and escapers by disease.
(a) Avenue to 100 in GCS ( 𝑁 = 2 4 4 ) and NECS studies ( 𝑁 = 4 2 4 )

AvenueSurvivor (%)Delayer (%)Escaper (%)

GCS433617
NECS384219

Outcomes (columns) are not significantly different by exact test ( 𝑃 = . 2 7 ) [14].
(b) Avenue to 100 in GCS and NECS studies when matched on chronic diseases

AvenueSurvivor (%)Delayer (%)Escaper (%)

GCS353524
NECS384219

Outcomes (columns) are not significantly different by exact test ( 𝑃 = . 1 4 ) [14].
(c) Avenue to 100 in GCS dependent on disease category

AvenueSurvivor (%)Delayer (%)Escaper (%)

Cardiovascular disease243932
Cancer111473

Outcomes (columns) are significantly different ( 𝑃 < . 0 0 0 1 ) between disease categories by an exact test [14].