Table 1: Instruments used for each of the WHO’s active ageing model determinants.

DeterminantsWHO (2002) contentsAssessment protocol “P3A”

Personal factorsBiology and genetics
psychological factors
Psychological distressGHQ-12 [28]
HappinessQBE/F [32]
Cognitive functioningMMSE [25]
PersonalityNEO (Costa and McCrae, 1992 [31])
OptimismLOT-R [30]
LonelinessLoneliness scale (Paúl et al., 2008 [22])

Behavior determinantsSmoking
Physical activity
Food intake
Oral health
Alcohol
Medication
Pulmonary functionPeak flow
StrengthHand grip
Subjective health Health and life styles questionnaire (ESAP, Fernández-Ballesteros et al., 2004 [24])
Illness
Sleep problems
Subj. physical activity
Vision
Audition
Smoking
Drinking
ADL and IADL

Determinants of social environmentSocial support Social network Lubben scale of social support (Lubben, 1988) [27]
Violence and abuse
EducationEducationSociodemographic questionnaire

Determinants of health and social servicesHealth and disease Life satisfaction Inventory of life satisfaction (Fonseca et al., 2011 [34])
Health services
Continuous care
Mental health care

Determinants of physical environmentFriendly environmentEnvironment domain of quality of life WHOQOL Brief—physical environment subscale (Harper et al.,1998 [7], Canavarro et al., 2010 [33])
Safety houses
Falls
Absence of pollution

Economic determinantsWageSocioeconomic status (National Institute of Statistics)
Social securityIncome
Work