Table 3: Observational measurement of engagement (OME) scores in guided and unguided conditions for the total population.

Stimulation based on participant stimulus choice for each category ( 𝑛 = 4 0 )Engagement duration, s 𝑍 𝑃 valueAttention 𝑍 𝑃 valueAttitude 𝑍 𝑃 value

Category “Work”
Total populationGuidance
Without guidance
470
388
−2.7<.012.9
2.6
−.5.65.3
4.7
−2.8<.01

Category “Family”
Total populationGuidance
Without guidance
440
360
−1.8.062.7
2.6
−1.1.25.2
4.8
−2.04

Category “Leisure”
Total populationGuidance
Without guidance
554
382
−3.8<.0013.1
2.8
−2.045.6
5.2
−2.1.03

Category “Personal”
Total populationGuidance
Without guidance
511
375
−3.1.0023
2.9
−1.35.3
5.2
−.9.4

Category “Not Interested”
Total populationGuidance
Without guidance
238
228
−.6.52.3
2.4
−.8.44
4
−.1.9

Note: 𝑃 value significance is 2-tailed and is given for the 𝑍 score using bootstrap method. 𝑍 score is based on “without guidance” rank.