Table 4: Observational Measurement of Engagement (OME) scores in guided and unguided conditions in apathetic and non apathetic participants.

Stimulation based on participant’s stimulus choice for each category in Apathetic ( 𝑛 = 1 4 ) and nonapathetic ( 𝑛 = 2 6 ) participantsEngagement duration, s 𝑍 𝑃 valueAttention 𝑍 𝑃 valueAttitude 𝑍 𝑃 value

Category “Work”
ApathyGuidance
Without guidance
Mean difference, 95% CI
364
332
33 [−134–182]
−.8.42.7
2.4
0.4 [0.6–2.3]
−2.0464.6*
4.3
0.3 [−0.4–0.9]
−.7.4
Non ApathyGuidance
Without guidance
Mean difference, 95% CI
527
415
111 [22–202]
−2.6.013
2.7
0.3 [0.03–0.6]
−2.1.0355.7
4.9
0.8 [0.2–1.4]
−2.4.016

Category “Family”
ApathyGuidance
Without guidance
Mean difference, 95% CI
424
360
72 [−55–221]
−.5.52.6
2.4
0.3 [−0.08–0.8]
−1.3.24.5*
4.5
−0.08 [−0.8–0.5]
−.07.9
Non ApathyGuidance
Without guidanceMean difference, 95% CI
448
365
83 [−24–194]
−1.8.082.8
2.7
0.08 [−0.3–0.4]
−.5.65.6
4.9
0.7 [0.2–1.2]
−2.4.01

Category “Leisure”
ApathyGuidance
Without guidance
Mean difference, 95% CI
500
311*
197 [79–332]
−2.4.013
2.7
0.2 [−0.08–0.5]
−1.7.095.1**
4.7*0.4 [0–0.7]
−1.3.2
Non ApathyGuidance
Without guidance
Mean difference, 95% CI
583
418
165 [62–256]
−3.0023.1
2.9
0.4 [0–0.8]
−1.3.25.8
5.5
0.4 [−0.2–0.8]
−1.8.08

Category “Personal”
ApathyGuidance
Without guidance
Mean difference, 95% CI
426
237*200 [84–323]
−2.9.0042.7
2.5*0.3 [−0.08–0.8]
−1.3.24.8*
4.6*0.2 [−0.4–0.8]
−.6.5
Non ApathyGuidance
Without guidance
Mean difference, 95% CI
557
444
112 [−2.9–223]
−2.0463.1
3.1
0.08 [−0.3–0.4]
−.4.65.7
5.6
0.1 [−0.3–0.5]
−.6.5

Category “Not Interested”
ApathyGuidance
Without guidanceMean difference, 95% CI
240
181*66 [8–154]
−1.8.072*
2**0 [−0.3–0.3]
013.7
3.70 [−0.5–0.5]
−.07.9
Non ApathyGuidance
Without guidanceMean difference, 95% CI
237
252
−10 [−56–32]
−.3.72.5
2.60 [−0.5–0.5]
−1.34.2
4.20 [−0.4–0.4]
−.08.9

Note: Apathy cut off score was based on AI score above 3 out of 12.
*Group with the lowest value compared to their counterpart without apathy, 𝑃 < . 0 2 ,
**Group with lowest value compared to their counterpart without apathy, 𝑃 < . 0 5 .