About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 284780, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/284780
Research Article

Delirium in Australian Hospitals: A Prospective Study

1Queensland Dementia Training Study Centre, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, QLD 4059, Australia
2Centre for Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience, The University of Queensland, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Herston, QLD 4029, Australia
3School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
4Queensland Clinical Trials & Biostatistics Centre, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, The Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, QLD 4102, Australia
5Centre for Research in Geriatric Medicine, The University of Queensland, The Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, QLD 4102, Australia

Received 8 April 2013; Accepted 30 July 2013

Academic Editor: Francesc Formiga

Copyright © 2013 C. Travers et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. N. Siddiqi, A. O. House, and J. D. Holmes, “Occurrence and outcome of delirium in medical in-patients: a systematic literature review,” Age and Ageing, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 350–364, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), Australian Hospital Statistics 2010-11, AIHW, Canberra, Australia, 2012.
  3. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “US Department of Health and Human Services: 2006 National Hospital Discharge Survey,” Division of Health Care Statistics: CDC, http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhsr/nhsr005.pdf, 2008.
  4. H. K. Fong, L. P. Sands, and J. M. Leung, “The role of postoperative analgesia in delirium and cognitive decline in elderly patients: a systematic review,” Anesthesia and Analgesia, vol. 102, no. 4, pp. 1255–1266, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. J. Bruce, C. W. Ritchie, R. Blizard, R. Lai, and P. Raven, “The incidence of delirium associated with orthopedic surgery: a meta-analytic review,” International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 197–214, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. E. Vasilevskis, J. H. Han, C. G. Hughes, and E. W. Ely, “Epidemiology and risk factors for delirium across hospital settings,” Best Practice & Research Clinical Anaesthesiology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 277–287, 2012.
  7. S. K. Inouye, J. T. Rushing, M. D. Foreman, R. M. Palmer, and P. Pompei, “Does delirium contribute to poor hospital outcomes?: a three-site epidemiologic study,” Journal of General Internal Medicine, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 234–242, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. M. Mudge, A. J. Giebel, and A. J. Cutler, “Exercising body and mind: an integrated approach to functional independence in hospitalized older people,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 630–635, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. K. Iseli, C. Brand, M. Telford, and D. LoGiudice, “Delirium in elderly general medical inpatients: a prospective study,” Internal Medicine Journal, vol. 37, no. 12, pp. 806–811, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. A. Salih, S. Paul K, Klein, P. Lakhan, and L. Gray, “Screening for delirium within the interrai acute care assessment system,” The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 695–700, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. A. Z. Sheng, Q. Shen, D. Cordato, Y. Y. Zhang, and D. K. Yin Chan, “Delirium within three days of stroke in a cohort of elderly patients,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 54, no. 8, pp. 1192–1198, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Clinical Epidemiology and Health Service Evaluation Unit, Clinical Practice Guidelines For the Management of Delirium in Older People, Victorian Government Department of Human Services, Victoria, Australia, 2006.
  13. K. Davis, C. Schoen, and K. Stremikis, “Mirror, mirror on the wall: how the performance of the US Health Care system compares internationally 2010 Update,” The Commonwealth Fund, Washington, DC, USA, http://www.commonwealthfund.org/~/media/Files/Publications/Fund%20Report/2010/Jun/1400_Davis_Mirror_Mirror_on_the_wall_2010.pdf, 2010.
  14. C. Travers, G. Byrne, N. Pachana, K. Klein, and L. Gray, “A prospective observational study of dementia and delirium in the acute hospital setting,” Internal Medicine Journal, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 262–269, 2012.
  15. L. C. Gray, R. Bernabei, K. Berg et al., “Standardizing assessment of elderly people in acute care: the interRAI Acute Care instrument,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 536–541, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. N. Wellens, A. Van Lancker, J. Flamaing et al., “Interrater reliability of the interRAI Acute Care (interRAI AC),” Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 165–172, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. F. Folstein, S. E. Folstein, and P. R. McHugh, “Mini-mental state. A practical method of grading the cognitive state of patients for clinicians,” Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 189–198, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. S. K. Inouye, The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM): Training Manual and Coding Guide, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn, USA, 2003.
  19. D. Saliba, M. Elliott, L. Z. Rubenstein et al., “The vulnerable elders survey: a tool for identifying vulnerable older people in the community,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 49, no. 12, pp. 1691–1699, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. F. Jorm, “A short form of the informant questionnaire on cognitive decline in the elderly (IQCODE): development and cross-validation,” Psychological Medicine, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 145–153, 1994. View at Scopus
  21. D. I. Kaufer, J. L. Cummings, P. Ketchel et al., “Validation of the NPI-Q, a brief clinical form of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory,” Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 233–239, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. E. Charlson, P. Pompei, K. A. Ales, and C. R. MacKenzie, “A new method of classifying prognostic comorbidity in longitudinal studies: development and validation,” Journal of Chronic Diseases, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 373–383, 1987. View at Scopus
  23. W. H. Hall, R. Ramachandran, S. Narayan, A. B. Jani, and S. Vijayakumar, “An electronic application for rapidly calculating Charlson comorbidity score,” BMC Cancer, vol. 4, p. 94, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. American Psychiatric Association (APA), Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC, USA, 4th edition, 1994.
  25. Y. Benjamini and D. Yekutieli, “The control of the false discovery rate in multiple testing under dependency,” Annals of Statistics, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 1165–1188, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. SPSS Inc, SPSS Advanced Statistics 18. 0, SPSS Inc., Chicago, Ill, USA, 2010.
  27. M. Elie, M. G. Cole, F. J. Primeau, and F. Bellavance, “Delirium risk factors in elderly hospitalized patients,” Journal of General Internal Medicine, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 204–212, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. Young and S. K. Inouye, “Delirium in older people,” British Medical Journal, vol. 334, no. 7598, pp. 842–846, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. K. Inouye, C. M. Viscoli, R. I. Horwitz, L. D. Hurst, and M. E. Tinetti, “A predictive model for delirium in hospitalized elderly medical patients based on admission characteristics,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 119, no. 6, pp. 474–481, 1993. View at Scopus
  30. T. G. Fong, S. R. Tulebaev, and S. K. Inouye, “Delirium in elderly adults: diagnosis, prevention and treatment,” Nature Reviews Neurology, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 210–220, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. D. Harris, “Delirium in advanced disease,” Postgraduate Medical Journal, vol. 83, no. 982, pp. 525–528, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus