Table 1: Summary of Vital Aging versions: procedures for implementation and evaluation.

Vital Ageing LVital Ageing MVital Ageing e-Learning

Date of implementation1996–20032002–20122012

Duration each edition3 months, 70 hours (3 hours/session; 2 sessions per week)3 months, 48 hours (2–4 hours per session, 2 sessions per week)3 months: 1 unit per 2 week

TrainersExpertsExperts from Germany, Italy, and Spain
Organized by a Tutor
Organized by a Virtual Tutor and an On-site tutor

MaterialsBasic Text: Fernández-Ballesteros [11]
Standard classes
Multimedia learning technology
Video Lessons
Basic texts: http://www.vivirconvitalidad.com/  
Learning management System, LMS- Moodle Platform

FinancedInstitute of Older Adults and Social Services (IMSERSO)European Commission (Vitalgell-C Project, 2002)UAM-Santander Inter-University Cooperation Program for Latin America (PUM-e, 2010–2012)

Session procedure(1) Introduction; (2) Pre-test; (3) Practice and exercises; (4) Post-test; (5) Conclusions and remarks(1) Introduction; (2) Pre-test; (3) Practice and exercises; (4) Post-test; (5) Conclusions and remarks(1) Introduction; (2) Pre-test; (3) Readings; (4) Practice and exercise; (5) Forums; (6) Tutorial; (7) Post-test in each unit

RecruitmentAnnouncements in newspapers, on radio and in UAM promotion systemsAnnouncements at selected Senior Citizens’ Clubs and at UAM, to Students from University Programs for Older AdultsStudents from University Programs for Older Adults at the four universities

Participants240 volunteers attended the program (approximately 35 per course; Mean age = 72.3, range = 57–83, SD = 6.7; 70% women)155 volunteers (around 10–22 per course; Mean age = 69.9, range = 60–94, SD = 6; 76% women)88 volunteers: UAM ( ), La Habana University ( ), National University Autonomous of Mexico ( ) and Catholic University of Chile ( ). (Mean age = 64.2; SD: 7.57, range = 49–84; 84% women)