Table 3: Sample Characteristic of the four studies curried out.

StudiesParticipantsN Mean age

(1) Vital Aging MCommunity4469.9
Residential1379.3
Control3174.2

(2) Vital aging M versus
Vital aging L
Vital Aging M2569.5
Vital aging L2867.84
Control3765.6

(3) Vital Aging MVital Aging M7362.56
Control4262.29

(4) Vital Aging e-LearningVital Aging e-Learning8864.2
Control4262.29