Table 3: Association between Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) Scale with age and income.

GDS (mean ± SD) MMSE (mean ± SD)

Young old (65–<75 years) ( )
Old old (75–<85 years) ( )
Oldest old (≥85 years) ( )
value1.675.42
0.240.008*
Low income ( )
Moderate income ( )
2.631.57
0.009*0.11

Significant , = number.