Table 1: Effect of dietary karaya saponin and R. capsulatus on LDL, HDL, total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and bile acids in serum, liver, and feces of laying hens.

ParameterTreatment
ControlR. capsulatusSaponinSaponin + R. capsulatus

Liver
 Cholesterol (mM/g)
 Triacylglycerol (mM/g)
 Bile acids (nM/g)
Fecal
 Cholesterol (mM/g)
 Triacylglycerol (mM/g)
 Bile acids (nM/g)
Serum
 Cholesterol (mM/L)
 Triacylglycerol (mM/L)
 LDL-cholesterol (mg/dL)
 HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL)
Yolk
 Cholesterol (mM/g)
 Triacylglycerol (mM/g)

with different superscripts differ significantly ( ) in the same row; “a”, “b”, “c” indicate significant difference from each other while “ab” is not significant. Values are for 10 laying hens per group. Differences were tested by Duncan multiple range test. HDL High density lipoprotein; LDL= Low density lipoprotein.