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Cholesterol
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 920983, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/920983
Clinical Study

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Urban India

1Research Laboratories, P. D. Hinduja National Hospital & Medical Research Centre, Mumbai 400016, India
2Department of Preventive Medicine, Grant Medical College and Sir J. J. Hospital, Mumbai 400016, India
3Department Laboratory Medicine, P. D. Hinduja National Hospital & Medical Research Centre, Veer Savarkar Marg, Mahim, Mumbai 400016, India

Received 26 November 2010; Revised 21 February 2011; Accepted 16 March 2011

Academic Editor: Jean Davignon

Copyright © 2011 Apurva Sawant et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is characterised by a constellation of individual risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Materials and Methods. The current study was a population-based survey of cohort of subjects in the metropolitan city of Mumbai. A total of 548 subjects, who attended the CARDIAC evaluation camp, were recruited in the study. Participants with complete fasting lipid profiles, blood glucose, and known cardiac risk markers were evaluated. Results. On applying modified NCEP ATP III, we found out that nearly 9 5 % of the subjects had at least one abnormal parameter. We found the prevalence of MS in our study population to be 1 9 . 5 2 % . The prevalence of MS in males was almost double than females ( 𝑃 = . 0 0 8 ). The overall prevalence of BMI (>23 kg/m2) was 7 9 . 0 1 % . Increased hypertriglyceridemia and decreased levels of HDL-C were found to be more in males ( 𝑃 < . 0 0 0 1 ). Conclusion. The low percentage of subjects with normal and controlled parameters suggests that there is a need for awareness programs and lifestyle interventions for the prevention and control of MS.