About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Cholesterol
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 920983, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/920983
Clinical Study

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Urban India

1Research Laboratories, P. D. Hinduja National Hospital & Medical Research Centre, Mumbai 400016, India
2Department of Preventive Medicine, Grant Medical College and Sir J. J. Hospital, Mumbai 400016, India
3Department Laboratory Medicine, P. D. Hinduja National Hospital & Medical Research Centre, Veer Savarkar Marg, Mahim, Mumbai 400016, India

Received 26 November 2010; Revised 21 February 2011; Accepted 16 March 2011

Academic Editor: Jean Davignon

Copyright © 2011 Apurva Sawant et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. Borch-Johnsen, “The metabolic syndrome in a global perspective. The public health impact,” Danish Medical Bulletin, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 157–159, 2007. View at Scopus
  2. S. Goenka, D. Prabhakaran, V. S. Ajay, and K. S. Reddy, “Preventing cardiovascular disease in India—Translating evidence to action,” Current Science, vol. 97, no. 3, pp. 367–377, 2009. View at Scopus
  3. K. S. Reddy, D. Prabhakaran, V. Chaturvedi et al., “Methods for establishing a surveillance system for cardiovascular diseases in Indian industrial populations,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 84, no. 6, pp. 461–469, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. M. Grundy, “Metabolic syndrome pandemic,” Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 629–636, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  5. S. M. Grundy, “Metabolic syndrome: a multiplex cardiovascular risk factor,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 399–404, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  6. E. A. Enas, V. Mohan, M. Deepa, S. Farooq, S. Pazhoor, and H. Chennikkara, “The metabolic syndrome and dyslipidemia among Asian Indians: a population with high rates of diabetes and premature coronary artery disease,” Journal of the Cardiometabolic Syndrome, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 267–275, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. Nestel, R. Lyu, P. L. Lip et al., “Metabolic syndrome: recent prevalence in East and Southeast Asian populations,” Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 362–367, 2007.
  8. D. Eapen, G. L. Kalra, N. Merchant, A. Arora, and B. V. Khan, “Metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease in South Asians,” Vascular Health and Risk Management, vol. 5, pp. 731–743, 2009. View at Scopus
  9. J. I. Cleeman, “Executive summary of the third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) expert panel on detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults (adult treatment panel III),” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 285, no. 19, pp. 2486–2497, 2001.
  10. American Diabetes Association, “Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus,” Diabetes Care, vol. 29, supplement, pp. S43–S48, 2006.
  11. A. Misra, P. Chowbey, B. M. Makkar et al., “Consensus statement for diagnosis of obesity, abdominal obesity and the metabolic syndrome for Asian Indians and recommendations for physical activity, medical and surgical management,” Journal of Association of Physicians of India, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 163–170, 2009.
  12. E. A. Enas, V. Chacko, S. G. Pazhoor, H. Chennikkara, and H. P. Devarapalli, “Dyslipidemia in South Asian patients,” Current Atherosclerosis Reports, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 367–374, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Misra and L. Khurana, “The metabolic syndrome in South Asians: epidemiology, clinical correlates and possible solutions,” International Diabetes Monitor, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 92–101, 2009.
  14. D. Prabhakaran, V. Chaturvedi, P. Shah et al., “Differences in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in urban and rural India: a problem of urbanization,” Chronic Illness, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 8–19, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. A. Misra and L. Khurana, “The metabolic syndrome in South Asians: epidemiology, determinants, and prevention,” Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 497–514, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  16. C. K. Chow, S. Naidu, K. Raju et al., “Significant lipid, adiposity and metabolic abnormalities amongst 4535 Indians from a developing region of rural Andhra Pradesh,” Atherosclerosis, vol. 196, no. 2, pp. 943–952, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  17. M. Deepa, S. Farooq, M. Datta, R. Deepa, and V. Mohan, “Prevalence of metabolic syndrome using WHO, ATPIII and IDF definitions in Asian Indians: the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study (CURES-34),” Diabetes, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 127–134, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  18. E. A. Enas, S. Yusuf, and J. L. Mehta, “Prevalence of coronary artery disease in Asian Indians,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 70, no. 9, pp. 945–949, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. M. Sawant, D. Shetty, R. Mankeshwar, and T. F. Ashavaid, “Prevalence of dyslipidemia in young adult Indian population,” Journal of Association of Physicians of India, vol. 56, pp. 99–102, 2008. View at Scopus
  20. S. M. Grundy, “Obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 89, no. 6, pp. 2595–2600, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  21. A. Ramachandran, C. Snehalatha, K. Satyavani, S. Sivasankari, and V. Vijay, “Metabolic syndrome in urban Asian Indian adults—a population study using modified ATP III criteria,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 199–204, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. V. Mohan, S. Shanthirani, R. Deepa, G. Premalatha, N. G. Sastry, and R. Saroja, “Intra-urban differences in the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in southern India—the Chennai Urban Population Study (CUPS No. 4),” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 280–287, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. M. Grundy, “A changing paradigm for prevention of cardiovascular disease: emergence of the metabolic syndrome as a multiplex risk factor,” European Heart Journal, vol. 10, supplement, pp. B16–B23, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus