Table 1: Baseline descriptive characteristics.

TotalSTANSPEC
( )( )( )

Age (yrs)12.4 ± 0.312.5 ± 0.412.4 ± 0.5
Tanner stage4.4 ± 0.24.4 ± 0.34.4 ± 0.3
Height (cm)159.5 ± 1.5159.3 ± 2.0160.3 ± 2.3
Weight (kg)89.6 ± 4.693.8 ± 7.585.1 ± 4.8
BMI %98.0 ± 0.398.1 ± 0.397.9 ± 0.5
BMI -score2.42.52.2
Trunk fat (%)46.1 ± 1.448.1 ± 1.743.9 ± 2.3
Total fat (kg)38.6 ± 2.441.1 ± 3.635.2 ± 2.7
Percent fat (%)43.9 ± 1.045.8* ± 1.241.8* ± 1.5
Total lean (kg)46.0 ± 2.247.4 ± 3.444.2 ± 2.3
Energy intake (kcal/d)210520311991
MetSyn (%)8 (29%)44

*Indicate significant difference between diet groups .
STAN: standard diet (55% calories from carbohydrate).
SPEC: specialized diet (43% calories from carbohydrate).