Table 2: Changes in non-HDL-C (mg/dL).

VariableStudies#Participants#
(I + C)
ES# (95% CI)
(mg/dL)
P (P) (%)95% PI

Diet64027−8.5 (−18.6, 1.6) 0.8 (0.99)0−21.7, 4.8
Exercise638973.0 (−7.1, 13.1)0.600.8 (0.99)0−10.3, 16.3
Diet + Exercise63877−11.1 (−21.7, −0.6) 2.4 (0.88)0−24.4, 2.1

#Number; ES: effect sizes; (95% CI), mean 95% confidence intervals; P: alpha value for changes in non-HDL-C; (P): Cochran’s statistic and associated alpha value; (%): percentage of inconsistency; 95% PI: 95% prediction intervals; I + C: intervention + control; *statistically significant at ; **trend (>0.05 to 0.10) for statistical significance; To convert changes in mg/dL to mmol, divide by 38.67.