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Cholesterol
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 916816, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/916816
Research Article

Relationship of Lifestyle Medical Advice and Non-HDL Cholesterol Control of a Nationally Representative US Sample with Hypercholesterolemia by Race/Ethnicity

1Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, MMC AHC 1-450, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
2Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, MMC AHC 1-435, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA

Received 16 June 2012; Revised 3 August 2012; Accepted 16 September 2012

Academic Editor: Gloria L. Vega

Copyright © 2012 Joan Anne Vaccaro and Fatma G. Huffman. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations of lifestyle medical advice and non-HDL cholesterol control of a nationally representative US sample of adults with hypercholesterolemia by race/ethnicity. Methods. Data were collected by appending sociodemographic, anthropometric, and laboratory data from two cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Survey (2007-2008 and 2009-2010). This study acquired data from male and female adults aged ≥ 20 years (N = 11,577), classified as either Mexican American (MA), ( ), other Hispanic (OH) ( ), Black non-Hispanic (BNH) ( ), or White non-Hispanic (WNH) ( ). Results. Minorities were more likely to report having received dietary, weight management, and exercise recommendations by healthcare professionals than WNH, adjusting for confounders. Approximately 80% of those receiving medical advice followed the recommendation, regardless of race/ethnicity. Of those who received medical advice, reporting “currently controlling or losing weight” was associated with lower non-HDL cholesterol. BNH who reported “currently controlling or losing weight” had higher non-HDL cholesterol than WNH who reported following the advice. Conclusion. The results suggest that current methods of communicating lifestyle advice may not be adequate across race/ethnicity and that a change in perspective and delivery of medical recommendations for persons with hypercholesterolemia is needed.