Table 3: Serum squalene and noncholesterol sterols during the intervention.

Control group ( )STAEST group ( )
Baseline InterventionBaselineIntervention

Squalene ( g/dL) 0.412
Cholestenol ( g/dL) 0.686
Desmosterol ( g/dL) 0.411
Lathosterol ( g/dL) 0.660
Cholestanol ( g/dL)b 0.081
Campesterol ( g/dL) <0.001
Sitosterol ( g/dL) <0.001
Sitostanol ( g/dL) <0.001
Avenasterol ( g/dL) 0.011
Ratios to cholesterol (102 mmol/mol of cholesterol)
 Squalene 0.821
 Cholestenol 0.379
 Desmosterolb 0.198
 Lathosterol 0.506
 Cholestanolb 0.379
 Campesterol <0.001
 Sitosterol <0.001
 Sitostanol <0.001
 Avenasterol 0.029

Values shown are means ± SEM. STAEST: plant stanol ester.
Group by time interaction (repeated measured variance of analysis (general linear model)).
, significant change over time.
significantly different from baseline.
significantly different from control.