Table 3: Serum PON1 enzyme activity and concentration have also been shown to be modulated by lifestyle and dietary factors.

Modulators (dietary and lifestyle) *

Exercise [31, 32]
Olive oil consumption [33, 34]
Green tea consumption [34]
Pomegranate juice [35, 36]
Meal frequency [37]
Fasting [38, 39]
High fat diet [40]
Hormone replacement [41]
Mediterranean diet [42]
Soy isoflavones [43]
Beta-carotene [44]
Light ethanol drinkers
Heavy ethanol drinkers [45]

 *PON1 activation and concentration.