Table 1: Demographic characteristics, clinical conditions, reasons for referral to cardiac rehabilitation, cardiovascular indices, and neuropsychological test performance ( 𝑁 = 4 7 ).

DemographicsMean (SD)Range

Age (years)67.87 (8.92)53–83
Education (years)14.07 (2.61)7–20
Male, 𝑁 (%) 32 (68%) 15

Clinical conditionsPercentage with condition

Arrhythmia2%
Atrial fibrillation11%
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)23%
Cardiac arrest2%
Diabetes (type II)26%
Myocardial infarction (MI)21%
Heart failure15%
High cholesterol28%
Hypertension 43%
𝛽 -blocker usage68%

Type of event or condition prompting referral to cardiac rehabilitationNumber of participantsPercentage of participants

Ablation12%
Angina511%
Aortic valve repair12%
CABG817%
MI613%
Mitral valve repair36%
Stent2145%
Valve replacement24%

Cardiovascular indicesMean (SD) Range; median

HRrest*66.6 (11.9)40–96; 65
HRpeak112.7 (19.5)60–159; 115
METspeak7.3 (3.2)1.0–14.5; 7.0
HR2min-post81.0 (18.2)43–126; 80
Heart rate recovery 31.7 (15.2)0–67; 31

Neuropsychological test performance Mean (SD)Range

MMSE28.4 (1.5)25–30
3MS95 (4.1)83–100
TMT-A time (seconds)36.9 (11.7)22–82
TMT-B time (seconds)97.3 (49.9)42–325
LNS total score8.9 (3.00)2–15
FAB total score16.4 (1.7)11–18
Pegs, dominant hand time (seconds)103.4 (52.5)56–398
HVLT learning21.9 (5.5)10–33
HVLT delayed recall7.2 (3.4)0–12
HVLT true hits11.0 (1.2)7–12
BNT short form total score14.3 (0.9)12–15
Animal Naming18.3 (5.2)7–33

*Data regarding resting HR (HRrest) were missing for 1 of the 47 participants.