Table 2: Correlations between heart rate recovery and neuropsychological test performance, controlling for sex, age, years of education, 𝛽 -blocker usage, and METS at peak HR ( 𝑁 = 4 7 ).

Heart rate recovery
Partial correlation 𝑟 ( 𝑃 value)Cohen’s 𝑑 effect size

3MS.42 (.006)**.93c
TMT-A time (seconds)−.28 (.07).58b
TMT-B time (seconds)−.33 (.03)*.70b
LNS total score.17 (.29).35a
FAB total score.12 (.44).24a
Pegs, dominant hand time (seconds)−.28 (.08).58b
HVLT learning.19 (.23).39a
HVLT delayed recall.15 (.35).30a
HVLT true hits.25 (.11).52b
BNT—short form total score.40 (.008)**.87c
Animal naming.13 (.41).26a

* P <.05, **P <.01; Cohen’s 𝑑 values of 0.2, 0.5, and 0.8 are the minimum thresholds for a small effecta, medium effectb, and large effectc sizes, respectively [22].