- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 212767, 6 pages
Improvement of Processing Speed in Executive Function Immediately following an Increase in Cardiovascular Activity
Department of Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76023, USA
Received 30 June 2013; Accepted 7 August 2013
Academic Editor: Koichi Hirata
Copyright © 2013 Nicoladie D. Tam. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- L. J. B. Hill, J. H. G. Williams, L. Aucott, J. Thomson, and M. Mon-Williams, “How does exercise benefit performance on cognitive tests in primary-school pupils?” Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 630–635, 2011.
- J. E. Donnelly and K. Lambourne, “Classroom-based physical activity, cognition, and academic achievement,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 52, supplement 1, pp. S36–S42, 2011.
- J. Morales, M. Pellicer-Chenoll, X. García-Massó, M. Gomis, and L.-M. González, “Relation between physical activity and academic performance in 3rd-year secondary education students,” Perceptual and Motor Skills, vol. 113, no. 2, pp. 539–546, 2011.
- H. J. Syvaoja, M. T. Kantomaa, T. Ahonen, H. Hakonen, A. Kankaanpaa, and T. H. Tammelin, “Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and academic performance in Finnish Children,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2013.
- R. A. Wittberg, K. L. Northrup, and L. A. Cottrell, “Children's aerobic fitness and academic achievement: a longitudinal examination of students during their fifth and seventh grade years,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 102, no. 12, pp. 2303–2307, 2012.
- R. A. London and S. Castrechini, “A longitudinal examination of the link between youth physical fitness and academic achievement,” Journal of School Health, vol. 81, no. 7, pp. 400–408, 2011.
- N. Kumar, M. Singh, S. Sood, et al., “Effect of acute moderate exercise on cognitive P300 in persons having sedentary lifestyles,” International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 67–69, 2012.
- C. E. Krafft, N. F. Schwarz, L. Chi, et al., “An eight month randomized controlled exercise trial alters brain activation during cognitive tasks in overweight children,” Obesity, 2013.
- S. Balsamo, J. M. Willardson, S. Frederico, et al., “Effectiveness of exercise on cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease,” International Journal of General Medicine, vol. 6, pp. 387–391, 2013.
- T. Suzuki, H. Shimada, H. Makizako, et al., “A randomized controlled trial of multicomponent exercise in older adults with mild cognitive impairment,” PLoS One, vol. 8, no. 4, Article ID e61483, 2013.
- Z. H. Fang, C. H. Lee, M. K. Seo, et al., “Effect of treadmill exercise on the BDNF-mediated pathway in the hippocampus of stressed rats,” Neuroscience Research, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 187–194, 2013.
- S. Mojtahedi, M. R. Kordi, S. E. Hosseini, S. F. Omran, and M. Soleimani, “Effect of treadmill running on the expression of genes that are involved in neuronal differentiation in the hippocampus of adult male rats,” Cell Biology International, 2012.
- E. B. Beall, M. J. Lowe, J. L. Alberts, et al., “The effect of forced-exercise therapy for Parkinson's disease on motor cortex functional connectivity,” Brain Connect, vol. 3, pp. 190–198, 2013.
- P. J. Smith, J. A. Blumenthal, B. M. Hoffman et al., “Aerobic exercise and neurocognitive performance: a meta-analytic review of randomized controlled trials,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 239–252, 2010.
- T. W. Robbins, “Dissociating executive functions of the prefrontal cortex,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, vol. 351, pp. 1463–1470, 1996.
- G. O'Malley, “Aerobic exercise enhances executive function and academic achievement in sedentary, overweight children aged 7–11 years,” Journal of Physiotherapy, vol. 57, no. 4, p. 255, 2011.
- C. L. Davis, P. D. Tomporowski, J. E. McDowell et al., “Exercise improves executive function and achievement and alters brain activation in overweight children: a randomized, controlled trial,” Health Psychology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 91–98, 2011.
- B. Rattray and D. Smee, “Exercise improves reaction time without compromising accuracy in a novel easy-to-administer tablet-based cognitive task,” Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2013.
- Y. K. Chang, S. Liu, H. H. Yu, and Y. H. Lee, “Effect of acute exercise on executive function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder,” Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, vol. 27, pp. 225–237, 2012.
- S. J. Lucas, P. N. Ainslie, C. J. Murrell, K. N. Thomas, E. A. Franz, and J. D. Cotter, “Effect of age on exercise-induced alterations in cognitive executive function: relationship to cerebral perfusion,” Experimental Gerontology, vol. 47, pp. 541–551, 2012.
- J. R. Stroop, “Factors affecting speed in serial verbal reactions,” Psychological Monographs: General and Applied, vol. 50, pp. 38–48, 1938.
- A. R. Jensen and W. D. Rohwer Jr., “The stroop color-word test: a review,” Acta Psychologica, vol. 25, pp. 36–93, 1966.
- J. R. Stroop, “Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions,” Journal of Experimental Psychology, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 643–662, 1935.
- C. R. Alves, B. Gualano, P. P. Takao, et al., “Effects of acute physical exercise on executive functions: a comparison between aerobic and strength exercise,” Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 539–549, 2012.
- J. R. Best, “Exergaming immediately enhances children's executive function,” Developmental Psychology, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1501–1510, 2012.
- M. R. Rueda, J. Fan, B. D. McCandliss et al., “Development of attentional networks in childhood,” Neuropsychologia, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 1029–1040, 2004.
- M. R. Rueda, M. I. Posner, M. K. Rothbart, and C. P. Davis-Stober, “Development of the time course for processing conflict: an event-related potentials study with 4 year olds and adults,” BMC Neuroscience, vol. 5, article 39, 2004.
- F. Huertas, J. Zahonero, D. Sanabria, and J. Lupiáñ, “Functioning of the attentional networks at rest vs. during acute bouts of aerobic exercise,” Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 649–665, 2011.