Table 1: Sample characteristics and sex differences.

Variable (raw scores)Total ( )
Mean (SD) or %
Women ( )
Mean (SD) or %
Men ( )
Mean (SD) or %

Sociodemographic and lifestyle covariates
 Age (yrs) 48.2 (9.1)48.3 (9.3) 48.0 (8.9)
 Poverty (per Federal guidelines) %42.543.841.1
 Smoking history (lifetime ≥100 cigarettes)%***71.465.078.8
 Alcohol (consumed in past week)%***41.434.449.5
 Drug History (lifetime coke/opiate/cannabis ≥5x)%***58.745.773.7
Biomedical covariates
 BMI (kg/m2)***30.1 (7.8)32.3 (8.6)27.4 (5.8)
 Medical History of CVD %***22.927.617.3
 Medical history of hypertension***44.951.237.7
 Medical history of diabetes %17.417.916.7
 Antihypertensive medication use %***35.641.728.5
 Antidiabetes medication use %13.413.713.0
 Cholesterol-reduction medication use 12.614.111.0
 Antidepressant medication use %**9.412.06.5
 Hormone replacement therapy use %0.71.2n/a
 Menopause %23.343.4n/a
Predictor and outcome variables
 CES-D*11.3 (7.8)11.8 (8.5)10.7 (6.8)
  CESD ≥ 16**25.829.521.6
 Hypertensiona %***52.657.846.6
  Mean SBP (mmHg) 122.2 (17.4) 122.8 (18.5) 121.4 (16.1)
  Mean DBP (mmHg)* 73.5 (11.2) 72.7 (11.0) 74.5 (11.4)
 WHR obesity: ≥0.90 ♂ and ≥0.85 ♀ %**67.271.462.3
  Mean WHR***0.92 (0.01)0.90 (0.1)0.94 (0.1)
  Mean waist circumference (cm)***99.0 (17.5)102.1 (18.3) 95.4 (15.8)
 Hypercholesterolemiab %20.222.717.6
  Mean CHOL (mg/dL) 183.7 (44.9) 184.6 (38.8)182.9 (50.7)
 Low HDL-C: <40 ♂ and <50 ♀ (mg/dL) %***33.743.123.6
  Mean HDL-C (mg/dL) 55.3 (18.4) 55.9 (16.0)54.6 (20.7)
 High LDL-C: >160 mg/dL %7.48.27.2
  Mean LDL-C (mg/dL) 107.7 (37.1) 108.4 (34.8)106.9 (39.4)
 High TG: >200 mg/dL % 6.14.38.0
  Mean TG (mg/dL) 105.7 (85.4)101.3 (50.6)110.3 (111.1)
 Diabetesc % 18.720.816.3
  Mean GLU (mg/dL)106.5 (46.3)110.0 (53.1)102.8 (37.4)
 High hsCRP: 3 mg/L %***38.946.930.4
  Mean hsCRP (mg/L)5.9 (14.6)6.7 (12.5)5.0 (16.5)

Hypertension: SBP ≥ 140 or DBP ≥ 90 or prior diagnosis or use of antihypertensive medication.
bHypercholesterolemia: fasting CHOL > 240 mg/dL or use of cholesterol-reduction medication. cDiabetes: fasting GLU: 126 mg/dL or prior diagnosis or use of antidiabetes medication.
Sex differences: *** ; ** ; * .