Case Reports in Cardiology http://www.hindawi.com The latest articles from Hindawi Publishing Corporation © 2016 , Hindawi Publishing Corporation . All rights reserved. Sepsis-Induced Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Leading to Torsades de Pointes Wed, 20 Jul 2016 14:21:23 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/2384752/ Background. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is sudden and reversible myocardial dysfunction often attributable to physical or emotional triggers. Case Report. We describe a 51-year-old man presented to emergency department with sepsis from urinary tract infection (UTI). He was placed on cefepime for UTI and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction protocol given elevated troponins with chest pain. Subsequently, patient was pulseless with torsades de pointes (TdP) and then converted to sinus rhythm with cardioversion. An echocardiogram revealed low ejection fraction with hypokinesis of the apical wall. Over 48 hours, the patient was extubated and stable on 3 L/min nasal cannula. He underwent a cardiac catheterization to evaluate coronary artery disease (CAD) and was found to have mild nonobstructive CAD with no further findings. Conclusion. TCM is a rare disorder presenting with symptoms similar to acute coronary syndrome. Though traditionally elicited by physical and emotional triggers leading to transient left ventricular dysfunction, our case suggests that it may also be triggered by a urinary tract infection and lead to severe QT prolongation and a malignant ventricular arrhythmia in TdP. Nirav Patel, Abhishek Shenoy, George Dous, Haroon Kamran, and Nabil El-Sherif Copyright © 2016 Nirav Patel et al. All rights reserved. Amphetamine Containing Dietary Supplements and Acute Myocardial Infarction Tue, 19 Jul 2016 12:50:29 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/6404856/ Weight loss is one of the most researched and marketed topics in American society. Dietary regimens, medications that claim to boost the metabolism, and the constant pressure to fit into society all play a role in our patient’s choices regarding new dietary products. One of the products that are well known to suppress appetite and cause weight loss is amphetamines. While these medications suppress appetite, most people are not aware of the detrimental side effects of amphetamines, including hypertension, tachycardia, arrhythmias, and in certain instances acute myocardial infarction. Here we present the uncommon entity of an acute myocardial infarction due to chronic use of an amphetamine containing dietary supplement in conjunction with an exercise regimen. Our case brings to light further awareness regarding use of amphetamines. Clinicians should have a high index of suspicion of use of these substances when young patients with no risk factors for coronary artery disease present with acute arrhythmias, heart failure, and myocardial infarctions. Julio Perez-Downes, Abdulwahab Hritani, Candice Baldeo, and Patrick Antoun Copyright © 2016 Julio Perez-Downes et al. All rights reserved. Successful Percutaneous Coronary Intervention through a Severely Bent Artificial Ascending Aorta Using the DIO Thrombus Aspiration Catheter Tue, 19 Jul 2016 12:09:29 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/8502356/ A 66-year-old man was admitted to our institute because of chest pain. He had undergone replacement of the ascending aorta due to aortic dissection 9 years previously. We made a diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome, and coronary artery angiography was performed. Although the right coronary artery was successfully cannulated, a severe bend of the artificial aorta made it very difficult to advance the catheter into the left coronary artery. Ultimately, a DIO thrombus aspiration catheter was used to enter the left coronary artery, and a stent was implanted successfully. The DIO catheter is very useful when the selection of a guiding catheter is complicated, such as in the case of severe vessel tortuosity or a bend of the ascending aorta. Akinori Fujikake, Takaaki Komatsu, and Isao Taguchi Copyright © 2016 Akinori Fujikake et al. All rights reserved. Dexamethasone Associated ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Four Days after an Unremarkable Coronary Angiogram—Another Reason for Cautious Use of Steroids: A Case Report and Review of the Literature Mon, 18 Jul 2016 13:33:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/4970858/ Drug induced myocardial infarction is a known entity with different forms of steroids linked to coronary artery disease (CAD) either through promoting its traditional risk factors, inducing coronary spasm, or by other unidentified mechanisms. Dexamethasone is known to promote an atherogenic and hypercoagulable state. We report a case of a 75-year-old woman who had ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) associated with dexamethasone use just 4 days following an angiogram showing minor luminal irregularities. Mohamed Shokr, Ahmed Rashed, Kusum Lata, and Ashok Kondur Copyright © 2016 Mohamed Shokr et al. All rights reserved. Paediatric Nonfunctioning Adrenocortical Carcinoma with Extension up to Right-Side Heart: Cardiac Surgery Approach Thu, 14 Jul 2016 09:30:14 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/2321017/ Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare malignancy. Due to late diagnosis and no adequate effective adjuvant treatment, prognosis remains poor. Only approximately 30% of these malignancies are confined to the adrenal gland when they are diagnosed, as these tumors tend to be found years after their genesis. Cardiac involvement of adrenal carcinoma is very rare. We report a rare case of a 7-year-old female with right adrenal cortical carcinoma, involving the right-side heart. Federica Iezzi, Andrea Quarti, Chiara Surace, and Marco Pozzi Copyright © 2016 Federica Iezzi et al. All rights reserved. Life Threatening Severe QTc Prolongation in Patient with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus due to Hydroxychloroquine Tue, 12 Jul 2016 14:16:10 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/4626279/ We present a case of a syncopal episode resulting from significant QT interval prolongation in a patient on hydroxychloroquine for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus and end stage renal disease. The patient had been treated with hydroxychloroquine for two years prior to presentation. After thorough workup for secondary causes of QT interval prolongation hydroxychloroquine was discontinued and the patient’s QT interval shortened. The patient was treated with mexiletine to prevent sudden ventricular arrhythmias, which was unique compared to other documented cases in which lidocaine was used. The patient was noted to have mild prolongation of the QT interval on electrocardiogram prior to initiation of hydroxychloroquine therapy which was exacerbated by its use and may have been caused due to toxicity from underlying renal failure. John P. O’Laughlin, Parag H. Mehta, and Brian C. Wong Copyright © 2016 John P. O’Laughlin et al. All rights reserved. Diagnosis Using CCTA and Management of Anomalous Right Coronary Artery from the Opposite Sinus Mon, 11 Jul 2016 11:09:30 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/7685360/ Coronary anomalies can be observed in 1–1.2% of all angiograms performed. Majority of coronary anomalies are benign and do not lead to cardiac ischemia; however anomalous coronary arteries from the opposite sinus (ACAOS) are often associated with sudden cardiac deaths, typically in 0.11–0.35% of individuals who participate in vigorous physical activity (Peñalver et al., 2012). Left and right ACAOS have an incidence of 0.15% and 0.92%, respectively. Left ACAOS are often associated with higher incidence of sudden cardiac death; this could be secondary to greater territory of myocardial perfusion by the left coronary artery. ACAOS are often asymptomatic and initially present as sudden death following exertion in young athletes. The management of left ACAOS is clear and surgery is usually indicated. However there is a lack of consensus on the management of certain cases of right ACAOS. In this paper a case of 20 yo M with right coronary artery from left sinus is going to be presented with a discussion on pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. Asma Mursleen, Gregory Hartlage, Aarti Patel, Eric E. Harrison, and C. Alberto Morales Copyright © 2016 Asma Mursleen et al. All rights reserved. Arteria Lusoria: An Anomalous Finding during Right Transradial Coronary Intervention Tue, 05 Jul 2016 06:07:05 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/8079856/ Arteria Lusoria or aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) is present in 0.6–1.4% of individuals. It typically remains clinically silent and is often discovered during angiographic procedures. The presence of ARSA can make a right transradial approach for coronary angiography and angioplasty technically more difficult. With the use of catheter support, we describe two cases in which a right transradial approach for catheterization was successful in the setting of ARSA. As such, the presence of ARSA does not warrant abandoning a transradial approach for coronary angiography and angioplasty. David Allen, Hilary Bews, Minh Vo, Malek Kass, Davinder S. Jassal, and Amir Ravandi Copyright © 2016 David Allen et al. All rights reserved. Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Coexisting with Acute Pericarditis and Myocardial Bridge Wed, 29 Jun 2016 11:05:22 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/5189741/ Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a stress-induced cardiomyopathy that occurs primarily in postmenopausal women. It mimics clinical picture of acute coronary syndrome with nonobstructive coronary arteries and a characteristic transient left (or bi-) ventricular apical ballooning at angiography. The exact pathogenesis of TCM is not well recognized. Hereby we present an unusual case of TCM that presents with signs and symptoms of acute pericarditis and was also found to have a coexisting coronary muscle bridge on coronary angiography. We discuss the impact of these associations in better understanding of the pathogenesis of TCM. Seyed Hashem Sezavar, Neda Toofaninejad, Shokoufeh Hajsadeghi, Hassan Riahi Beni, Reza Ghanavati, Marjan Hajahmadi, and Morteza Hassanzadeh Copyright © 2016 Seyed Hashem Sezavar et al. All rights reserved. Recurrent Pericarditis, an Unexpected Effect of Adjuvant Interferon Chemotherapy for Malignant Melanoma Wed, 22 Jun 2016 09:33:28 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/1342028/ Drug-induced pericarditis is a well-described cardiac pathology that can result from a variety of medications; however, interferon-mediated pericarditis is extremely rare. We present a case of a young female with recurrent pericarditis due to interferon therapy. The role of interferon in adjuvant chemotherapy is well known and yields good effect, but this case highlights the very uncommon phenomena of interferon induced pericarditis and the significant distress it can cause. Farhan Ashraf, Fady Marmoush, Muhammad Ismail Shafi, and Ashish Shah Copyright © 2016 Farhan Ashraf et al. All rights reserved. Left Main Percutaneous Coronary Intervention and Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in a Young Male with Rheumatic Heart Disease and Porcelain Aorta Wed, 22 Jun 2016 09:32:28 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/3671923/ We highlight the presence of a calcified mass in the left main coronary artery without significant atherosclerosis seen in the other coronary arteries or in the peripheral large arteries. In our view, the calcified character of the obstruction and the calcification of the aortic valve are characteristic of a variant type of coronary artery disease (CAD) not associated with the same risk factors as diffuse coronary atherosclerosis, but, in this case, with rheumatic heart disease. This case report also emphasizes the interventional approach for patients with aortic valve stenosis secondary to rheumatic heart disease. Vinod Chainani, Osman Perez, Ram Hanno, Patrick Hourani, Pablo Rengifo-Moreno, Pedro Martinez-Clark, and Carlos E. Alfonso Copyright © 2016 Vinod Chainani et al. All rights reserved. Accidental Entrapment of Electrical Mapping Catheter by Chiari’s Network in Right Atrium during Catheter Ablation Procedure Sun, 05 Jun 2016 12:25:07 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/1302473/ A 78-year-old male was admitted to our hospital due to frequent palpitation. His electrocardiogram (ECG) presented regular narrow QRS tachycardia with 170 bpm, and catheter ablation was planned. During electroanatomical mapping of the right atrium (RA) with a multiloop mapping catheter, the catheter head was entrapped nearby the ostium of inferior vena cava. Rotation and traction of the catheter failed to detach the catheter head from the RA wall. Exfoliation of connective tissue twined around catheter tip by forceps, which were designed for endomyocardial biopsy, succeeded to retract and remove the catheter. Postprocedural echocardiography and pathologic examination proved the existence of Chiari’s network. The handling of complex catheters in the RA has a potential risk of entrapment with Chiari’s network. Atsushi Sakamoto, Tsuyoshi Urushida, Tomoaki Sakakibara, Makoto Sano, Kenichiro Suwa, Takeji Saitoh, Masao Saotome, Hideki Katoh, Hiroshi Satoh, and Hideharu Hayashi Copyright © 2016 Atsushi Sakamoto et al. All rights reserved. Progressed Multivessel Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection That Naturally Healed in a Male Patient with Non-ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Mon, 30 May 2016 06:45:48 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/4109496/ Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare condition that may have a serious outcome because of acute coronary syndrome. The condition especially affects young women. We evaluated a middle-aged male patient with a non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction caused by multivessel SCAD. The SCAD had occurred in the distal right coronary artery (RCA), the mid left anterior descending artery (LAD), and the distal LAD at the same time. His culprit lesion was in the distal RCA, but the SCAD had progressed more proximally within the RCA 12 days later with no clinical symptoms. We treated the mid LAD with implantation of a drug-eluting stent on admission and the SCAD had not progressed 12 days later. Moreover, the SCAD in the distal RCA and distal LAD healed spontaneously 12 days later. He had no recurrent attack, and all SCAD lesions of the RCA and LAD had completely healed 6 months later. Given that SCAD appears in various forms over the clinical course, a strategy of intervention needs careful consideration. Tatsuo Haraki, Ryota Uemura, Shin-ichiro Masuda, and Takeshi Lee Copyright © 2016 Tatsuo Haraki et al. All rights reserved. Fibrinolytic Treatment after Transient Ischaemic Attack Caused by Prosthetic Mitral Valve Thrombosis Thu, 26 May 2016 08:28:54 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/6809263/ Prosthetic valve thrombosis is one of the most severe complications after surgical valve replacement. There are many possible presentations: from asymptomatic to life-threatening complications. We report on a 61-year-old female patient with prosthetic replacement of the aortic and mitral valve in the in-house department of cardiac surgery 3 months ago. The patient was suffering from aphasia during 5 minutes in domesticity. After her presentation in the emergency room, the echocardiographic examination revealed a thrombotic formation of the prosthetic mitral valve. At presentation, the anticoagulation was outside the effective range (INR: 1.7). A successful thrombolytic therapy with the plasminogen activator urokinase was begun with complete resolution of the thrombus. Cornel Koban, Michael Neuß, Grit Tambor, Frank Hölschermann, and Christian Butter Copyright © 2016 Cornel Koban et al. All rights reserved. Idiopathic Intractable Diarrhoea Leading to Torsade de Pointes Mon, 23 May 2016 08:40:40 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/3845108/ An 81-year-old lady was admitted to our hospital with a 3-year history of noninfective diarrhoea and recurrent syncopal events over the last 3 months. Her initial electrocardiogram (ECG) revealed trigeminy and prolonged QTc interval. She had a structurally normal heart with no coronary artery disease. Investigations revealed low potassium at 3.0 mmol/L. Sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy suggested a possible diagnosis of diverticulitis. Soon after admission she had an unresponsive episode with spontaneous recovery. Telemetry and Holter analysis confirmed multiple episodes of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (Torsade de Pointes). Following electrolyte supplementation the episodes of polymorphic VT improved. Due to the protracted nature of the diarrhoea, the recurrent syncopal events, and recurrent hypokalaemia documented over recent years, an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) was sanctioned by the multidisciplinary team (MDT). In summary, chronic diarrhoea may result in life threatening polymorphic VT due to hypokalaemia and QTc prolongation. In these patients an ICD may be considered. Kyriacos Mouyis, Darlington Okonko, and Constantinos G. Missouris Copyright © 2016 Kyriacos Mouyis et al. All rights reserved. A Combination of Two Rare Coronary Anomalies Makes It Even Rarer: Right Sided Single Coronary Artery with Dual Left Anterior Descending Artery Wed, 18 May 2016 11:45:35 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/4905941/ An 82-year-old female with history of hyperlipidemia and hypertension presented to the clinic with chief complaint of nonradiating chest tightness accompanied by exertional dyspnea. Cardiac catheterization showed the absence of left coronary system; the entire coronary system originated from the right aortic sinus as a common trunk which then gave off the right coronary artery and the left main coronary artery. Cardiac catheterization demonstrated also another rare coronary anomaly: dual left anterior descending artery. Patient underwent percutaneous coronary intervention and subsequent multidetector computed tomography angiography confirmed the above angiography findings. Patient was subsequently discharged home on double antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel and has been asymptomatic since then. Aram Barbaryan, Theodore Addai, Monahar Kola, Muhammad Wajih Raqeem, Sergey Barsamyan, and Aibek E. Mirrakhimov Copyright © 2016 Aram Barbaryan et al. All rights reserved. Percutaneous Punctured Transcatheter Device Closure of Residual Shunt after Ventricular Septal Defect Repair Tue, 17 May 2016 11:20:42 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/8124731/ Ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are estimated to account for 20 to 30% of all congenital heart defects (CHDs). Although a residual shunt is the most common complication of VSD surgery, a second operation that applies the surgical repair method is very difficult because it can increase the possibility of uncontrolled bleeding and the severity of tissue adhesion. Here, we present the first case of percutaneous punctured transcatheter device closure of a residual shunt after VSD repair as a novel method to further develop for the treatment of children with congenital heart disease. Xuming Mo, Jirong Qi, and Weisong Zuo Copyright © 2016 Xuming Mo et al. All rights reserved. A Benign Cardiac Growth but Not So Indolent Mon, 16 May 2016 12:22:13 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/8794202/ Cardiac lipomatous hypertrophy is a rare benign condition that usually involves the interatrial septum. Due to its benign nature it rarely requires intervention. Its presence outside the interatrial septum is reported infrequently. We present a case of lipomatous hypertrophy in the intraventricular septum that was complicated by a severe, symptomatic, and disabling dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. The symptoms significantly improved following the excision of the mass. In our case transthoracic echocardiogram was used to visualize the mass and measure the severity of the obstruction; Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging was used to characterize the mass and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis. Adil S. Wani, Sahadev T. Reddy, Lakshmi Harinath, and Robert W. W. Biederman Copyright © 2016 Adil S. Wani et al. All rights reserved. Severe Left Ventricular Hypertrophy, Small Pericardial Effusion, and Diffuse Late Gadolinium Enhancement by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Suspecting Cardiac Amyloidosis: Endomyocardial Biopsy Reveals an Unexpected Diagnosis Tue, 10 May 2016 13:16:58 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/2461502/ Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy can be related to a multitude of cardiac disorders, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), cardiac amyloidosis, and hypertensive heart disease. Although the presence of LV hypertrophy is generally associated with poorer cardiac outcomes, the early differentiation between these pathologies is crucial due to the presence of specific treatment options. The diagnostic process with LV hypertrophy requires the integration of clinical evaluation, electrocardiography (ECG), echocardiography, biochemical markers, and if required CMR and endomyocardial biopsy in order to reach the correct diagnosis. Here, we present a case of a patient with severe LV hypertrophy (septal wall thickness of 23 mm, LV mass of 264 g, and LV mass index of 147 g/m2), severely impaired longitudinal function, and preserved radial contractility (ejection fraction = 55%), accompanied by small pericardial effusion and diffuse late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Due to the imaging findings, an infiltrative cardiomyopathy, such as cardiac amyloidosis, was suspected. However, amyloid accumulation was excluded by endomyocardial biopsy, which revealed the presence of diffuse myocardial fibrosis in an advanced hypertensive heart disease. Nina P. Hofmann, Sorin Giusca, Karin Klingel, Peter Nunninger, and Grigorios Korosoglou Copyright © 2016 Nina P. Hofmann et al. All rights reserved. A Case of Spontaneous Multivessel Coronary Artery Spasm That Underwent Stent Implantation Accompanying ST Segment Elevation on Inferior Electrocardiographic Leads Sun, 08 May 2016 07:32:52 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/7049748/ Coronary artery spasm is usually defined as a focal constriction of a coronary artery segment, which is reversible, and causes myocardial ischaemia by restricting coronary blood flow. A coronary spasm may rarely compromise all three epicardial arteries simultaneously. We present a case of severe coronary spasm afflicting all coronary arteries accompanying an ST segment elevation in leads D2-D3 and aVF. Nuray Kahraman Ay, Muharrem Nasifov, and Ömer Goktekin Copyright © 2016 Nuray Kahraman Ay et al. All rights reserved. Thoracic Stent Graft Implantation for Aortic Coarctation with Patent Ductus Arteriosus via Retroperitoneal Iliac Approach in the Presence of Small Sized Femoral Artery Tue, 03 May 2016 10:04:07 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/7941051/ Endovascular stent graft implantation is a favorable method for complex aortic coarctation accompanied by patent ductus arteriosus. Herein, an 18-year-old woman with complex aortic coarctation and patent ductus arteriosus was successfully treated by endovascular thoracic stent graft via retroperitoneal approach. The reason for retroperitoneal iliac approach was small sized common femoral arteries which were not suitable for stent graft passage. This case is the first aortic coarctation plus patent ductus arteriosus case described in the literature which is treated by endovascular thoracic stent graft via retroperitoneal approach. Ozge Korkmaz, Osman Beton, Sabahattin Goksel, Hakkı Kaya, and Ocal Berkan Copyright © 2016 Ozge Korkmaz et al. All rights reserved. The Artery of Percheron Infarction after Coronary Angiography Tue, 26 Apr 2016 13:29:57 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/2402604/ Coronary angiography is the golden choice for coronary artery disease evaluation and management. However, as with any invasive procedures, there is a risk of complications. We are reporting a case of 69-year-old male with past medical history of cardiac bypass surgery, CHF, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia who was admitted to the hospital to evaluate his chest pain. He had treadmill stress test that showed ischemic induced exercise. Patient underwent coronary angiography that showed proximal complete occlusion of the RCA with a patent graft. At the end of the procedure, the patient did not wake up and remained minimally responsive. An urgent brain MRI was ordered and showed infarctions consistent with an artery of Percheron infarction. Later, patient has improved slowly and was discharged home. We briefly here discuss this rare complication including the risk factor, clinical presentation, and the management. Haitham Mazek, Khaled Sherif, Jose Suarez, and Jason Wischmeyer Copyright © 2016 Haitham Mazek et al. All rights reserved. A Case of Arterial and Venous Tear during Single Lead Extraction Mon, 18 Apr 2016 09:55:54 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/3836754/ Transcutaneous lead extraction can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The risk of causing concomitant arterial and venous injury is rare. We report a case of marginal artery rupture with coronary sinus rupture after a CS lead extraction. A 71-year-old male was admitted for extraction of a 6-year-old implantable cardioverter-defibrillator lead due to fracture from insulation break. During the lead extraction, blood pressure fell precipitously and echocardiographic findings were consistent with pericardial effusion. After unsuccessful pericardiocentesis, open chest sternotomy and evacuation of hematoma was performed. Subsequent surgical repair of several injuries was completed including the distal coronary sinus, a large degloving injury of posterior portion of the heart, and first obtuse marginal branch bleed. This case demonstrates that when performing transcutaneous lead extraction (TLE) with laser sheath, a degloving injury can cause arterial rupture with concomitant coronary sinus injury. A multidisciplinary team-based approach can ensure patient safety. Learning Objective. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator leads will falter over time. With the advancement of new technology for extraction more frequent and serious complications will occur. Active fixation CS leads present unique challenges. In the presence of hemodynamic changes during extraction the occurrence of both an arterial and venous injury must be considered. Michael S. Green, Daniel Wu, Vishal Patel, and Rayhan Tariq Copyright © 2016 Michael S. Green et al. All rights reserved. Ventricular Septal Perforation after Biventricular Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Successfully Repaired with an Amplatzer Device: First Report in the Literature Wed, 13 Apr 2016 14:20:39 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/3251032/ A 79-year-old female was admitted with sudden onset dyspnea, mild oppressive chest pain, and severe anxiety disorder. Patient had history of hypertension, dyslipidemia, smoking, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. On admission blood pressure was 160/90 and heart rate was 130 bpm. Transthoracic echocardiography (TE) and contrast tomography showed a thin septum with an abnormal left and right ventricular contraction with an “apical ballooning” pattern and mild increase of cardiac enzymes. At the 4th day of admission, the patient presented symptoms and signs of congestive heart failure and developed cardiogenic shock. EKG showed an inversion of T waves in all precordial leads. In a new TE, a ventricular septal perforation (VSP) in the apical portion of the septum was seen. Coronary angiogram showed angiographically “normal” coronary arteries. With a diagnosis of VSP in takotsubo cardiomyopathy, a percutaneous procedure to repair the VSP was performed 11 days after admission. The VSP was closed with an Amplatzer device. TE performed 24 hours after showed significant improvement of ventricular function and good apposition of the Amplatzer device. Three days later she was discharged from the hospital. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a VSP in a TCM repaired percutaneously with an occluder device. Alfredo E. Rodríguez, Carlos Fernandez-Pereira, Juan Mieres, Diego Ascarrunz, Eduardo Gabe, Alfredo Matías Rodríguez-Granillo, Romina Frattini, and Pablo Stuzbach Copyright © 2016 Alfredo E. Rodríguez et al. All rights reserved. A Case of Isolated Celiac Artery Dissection Accompanied by Splenic Infarction Detected by Ultrasonography in the Emergency Department Mon, 11 Apr 2016 09:49:36 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/8608496/ A 46-year-old male with a history of hypertension visited the emergency department (ED) by ambulance complaining of sudden pain in the left side of his back. Ultrasonography (USG) performed at ED revealed splenic infarction along with occlusion and dissection of the celiac and splenic arteries without abdominal artery dissection. Contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed the same result. Consequently, spontaneous isolated celiac artery dissection (SICAD) was diagnosed. Because his blood pressure was high (159/70 mmHg), antihypertensive medicine was administered (nicardipine and carvedilol). After his blood reached optimal levels (130/80 mmHg), symptoms disappeared. Follow-up USG and contrast enhanced CT performed 8 days and 4 months after onset revealed amelioration of splenic infarction and improvement of the narrowed artery. Here, we report a case of SICAD with splenic infarction presenting with severe left-sided back pain and discuss the relevance of USG in an emergency setting. Kazumasa Emori, Nobuhiro Takeuchi, and Junichi Soneda Copyright © 2016 Kazumasa Emori et al. All rights reserved. Torsade de Pointes Triggered by Early Ventricular Escape Beats in a Patient with Complete Atrioventricular Block Wed, 06 Apr 2016 09:33:56 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/7919642/ Torsade de pointes is an uncommon and malignant form of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia and associated with a prolonged QT interval, which may be congenital or acquired. Complete atrioventricular block may cause QT interval prolongation and torsade de pointes. In this paper, we present a case with complete atrioventricular block complicated with frequent episodes of torsade de pointes triggered by early premature ventricular contractions despite normal QT intervals. Erkan Yildirim, Baris Bugan, Suat Gormel, Uygar Cagdas Yuksel, Murat Celik, Yalcin Gokoglan, Serdar Firtina, Sinan Iscen, Emre Yalcinkaya, Ugur Kucuk, and Hasan Kutsi Kabul Copyright © 2016 Erkan Yildirim et al. All rights reserved. Tirofiban-Induced Thrombocytopenia Occurring with Crohn’s Disease Wed, 06 Apr 2016 08:10:17 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/4605139/ A 69-year-old man, with severe refractory Crohn’s disease, presented with acute coronary syndrome that required angioplasty. He developed severe tirofiban-induced thrombocytopenia (TIT) heralded by type I allergic reaction that required steroids and a combination of antihistamine H1 and antihistamine H2 for symptomatic management. The thrombocytopenia spontaneously resolved uneventfully in 48 hours thereafter. This case report suggests a possible association between TIT and inflammatory bowel disease. Therefore, strict monitoring of the platelet count is required in patients who develop allergic reactions to tirofiban. Toni Ibrahim, Fady El Karak, Assem Araji, and Elie El Rassy Copyright © 2016 Toni Ibrahim et al. All rights reserved. Eosinophilic Myocarditis due to Toxocariasis: Not a Rare Cause Thu, 31 Mar 2016 11:32:10 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/2586292/ Myocarditis is a clinically important disease because of the high mortality. From the perspective of treatment strategy, eosinophilic myocarditis should be distinguished from other types of myocarditis. Toxocariasis, caused by Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati, is known as a cause of eosinophilic myocarditis but is considered rare. As it is an unpopular disease, eosinophilic myocarditis due to toxocariasis may be underdiagnosed. We experienced two cases of eosinophilic myocarditis due to toxocariasis from different geographical areas in quick succession between 2013 and 2014. Case 1 is 32-year-old man. Case 2 is 66-year-old woman. In both cases, diagnosis was done by endomyocardial biopsy and IgG-ELISA against Toxocara excretory-secretory antigen. Only a corticosteroid was used in Case  1, whereas a corticosteroid and albendazole were used in Case  2 as induction therapy. Both patients recovered. Albendazole was also used in Case  1 to prevent recurrence after induction therapy. Eosinophilic myocarditis by toxocariasis may in actuality not be a rare disease, and corticosteroid is an effective drug as induction therapy even before use of albendazole. Shunichi Shibazaki, Shunsuke Eguchi, Takashi Endo, Tadamasa Wakabayashi, Makoto Araki, Yoshiaki Gu, Taku Imai, Kouji Asano, and Norihide Taniuchi Copyright © 2016 Shunichi Shibazaki et al. All rights reserved. Solid Right Ventricular Compression by Intraventricular Septum-Hematoma Induced after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Mon, 28 Mar 2016 07:17:53 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/6218723/ Intraventricular septum-hematoma is a rare complication following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This complication may represent a challenge for accurate diagnosis and treatment. This case report is about a 60-year-old male patient being admitted with an acute coronary syndrome. Despite successful PCI with drug eluting stent implantation into the right coronary artery (RCA) the patient complained about recurrent angina pectoris according to Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) class IV. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and transthoracic echocardiography revealed a massive  cm sized end-diastolic septum-hematoma, which compromised right ventricular cavity. Emergent recoronary angiography ruled out further contrast extravasation from the RCA. Conservative treatment was intended after discussion in the “heart-team.” The patient completely recovered with nearly complete resolution of the hematoma after 6 months. Ibrahim El-Battrawy, Ibrahim Akin, Benedikt Münz, David Manuel Leistner, Michael Behnes, Thomas Henzler, Holger Haubenreisser, Theano Papavassiliu, Martin Borggrefe, and Ralf Lehmann Copyright © 2016 Ibrahim El-Battrawy et al. All rights reserved. Synthetic Marijuana Induced Acute Nonischemic Left Ventricular Dysfunction Mon, 28 Mar 2016 06:40:38 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2016/9625758/ Synthetic marijuana is an uptrending designer drug currently widely spread in the US. We report a case of acute deterioration of nonischemic left ventricular dysfunction after exposure to synthetic marijuana. This case illustrates the importance of history taking in cardiac patients and identifies a negative cardiovascular effect of synthetic marijuana known as K2, not yet well detected by urine toxicology screening tools. Moustafa Elsheshtawy, Priatharsini Sriganesh, Vasudev Virparia, Falgun Patel, and Ashok Khanna Copyright © 2016 Moustafa Elsheshtawy et al. All rights reserved.