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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 259307, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/259307
Case Report

Plasmablastic Lymphoma of Gingiva Mimicking a Reactive Lesion: A Case Report

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Pimpri, Pune 411018, India

Received 19 April 2012; Accepted 24 July 2012

Academic Editors: R. S. Brown, I. El-Hakim, and M. Manfredi

Copyright © 2012 Neeta Bagul et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Oral plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare malignancy, associated with HIV or other immunocompromised conditions. The lesion constituted a new subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and proposed a distinct entity based on its basic morphology, its clinical behaviour involving predominantly extramedullary sites (particularly oral cavity), and its limited antigenic phenotype data suggesting plasmacytic differentiation. Authors here report a case of apparently healthy individual aged 35 years, presenting one-month history of swelling associated with loosened teeth around upper anteriors. Following incisional biopsy, routine histopathologic and immunohistochemical studies, the diagnosis of plasmablastic lymphoma was given.