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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 595494, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/595494
Case Report

Radix Entomolaris in Mandibular First Molars in Indian Population: A Review and Case Reports

Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi 110002, India

Received 14 August 2012; Accepted 20 September 2012

Academic Editors: D. Cogulu and C. Evans

Copyright © 2012 Kanika Attam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. The aim of this paper is to present cases of mandibular first molars with an additional distolingual root and their management using appropriate instruments and techniques. Basic Procedures and Main Findings. Mandibular molars can sometimes present a variation called radix entomolaris, wherein the tooth has an extra root attached to its lingual aspect. This additional root may complicate the endodontic management of the tooth if it is misdiagnosed or maltreated. This paper reviews the prevalence of such cases in Indian population and reports the management of 6 such teeth. Principal Conclusions. (1) It is crucial to be familiar with variations in tooth/canal anatomy and characteristic features since such knowledge can aid location and negotiation of canals, as well as their subsequent management. (2) Accurate diagnosis and careful application of clinical endodontic skill can favorably alter the prognosis of mandibular molars with this root morphology.