- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 595494, 7 pages
Radix Entomolaris in Mandibular First Molars in Indian Population: A Review and Case Reports
Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi 110002, India
Received 14 August 2012; Accepted 20 September 2012
Academic Editors: D. Cogulu and C. Evans
Copyright © 2012 Kanika Attam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- A. E. Skidmore and A. M. Bjorndal, “Root canal morphology of the human mandibular first molar,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 778–784, 1971.
- F. Pineda and Y. Kuttler, “Mesiodistal and buccolingual roentgenographic investigation of 7,275 root canals,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 101–110, 1972.
- F. J. Vertucci, “Root canal anatomy of the human permanent teeth,” Oral Surgery Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 589–599, 1984.
- B. C. W. Barker, K. C. Parsons, P. R. Mills, and G. L. Williams, “Anatomy of root canals. III. Permanent mandibular molars,” Australian Dental Journal, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 408–413, 1974.
- E. K. Tratman, “Three-rooted lower molars in man and their racial distribution,” British Dental Journal, vol. 64, pp. 264–274, 1938.
- M. E. Curzon and J. A. Curzon, “Three-rooted mandibular molars in the Keewatin Eskimo,” Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 71–72, 1971.
- C. G. Turner, “Three-rooted mandibular first permanent molars and the question of American Indian origins,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 229–241, 1971.
- S. C. Yew and K. Chan, “A retrospective study of endodontically treated mandibular first molars in a Chinese population,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 471–473, 1993.
- G. Carabelli, Systematisches Handbuch Der Zahnheilkunde, Braumüller und Seidel, Vienna, Austria, 2 edition, 1844.
- R. J. G. De Moor, C. A. J. G. Deroose, and F. L. G. Calberson, “The radix entomolaris in mandibular first molars: an endodontic challenge,” International Endodontic Journal, vol. 37, no. 11, pp. 789–799, 2004.
- V. Gopikrishna, J. Reuben, and D. Kandaswamy, “Endodontic management of a maxillary first molar with two palatal roots and a single fused buccal root diagnosed with spiral computed tomography—a case report,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology, vol. 105, no. 4, pp. e74–e78, 2008.
- V. Aggarwal, M. Singla, A. Logani, and N. Shah, “Endodontic management of a maxillary first molar with two palatal canals with the aid of spiral computed tomography: a case report,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 137–139, 2009.
- Z. Kirzioglu, H. Karayilmaz, and B. Baykal, “Value of computed tomography (CT) in imaging the morbidity of submerged molars: a case report,” European Journal of Dentistry, vol. 1, pp. 246–250, 2007.
- P. Krasner and H. J. Rankow, “Anatomy of the pulp-chamber floor,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 5–16, 2004.
- R. T. Walker, “Root form and canal anatomy of mandibular second molars in a Southern Chinese population,” Endodontics & Dental Traumatology, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 325–329, 1988.
- W. Somogyi-Csizmazia and A. J. Simons, “Three-rooted mandibular first permanent molars in Alberta Indian children,” Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 105–106, 1971.
- P. A. Reichart and D. Metah, “Three-rooted permanent mandibular first molars in the Thai,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 191–192, 1981.
- O. Carlsen and V. Alexandersen, “Radix entomolaris: identification and morphology,” Scandinavian Journal of Dental Research, vol. 98, no. 5, pp. 363–373, 1990.
- F. C. Ribeiro and A. Consolaro, “Importancia clinica y antropologica de la raiz distolingual en los molares inferiores permamentes,” Endodoncia, vol. 15, pp. 72–78, 1997.
- R. T. Walker and L. E. Quackenbush, “Three-rooted lower first permanent molars in Hong Kong Chinese,” British Dental Jornal, vol. 159, no. 9, pp. 298–299, 1985.
- R. M. F. Klein, S. A. Blake, B. R. Nattress, and P. N. Hirschmann, “Evaluation of X-ray beam angulation for successful twin canal identification in mandibular incisors,” International Endodontic Journal, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 58–63, 1997.
- J. I. Ingle, G. S. Heithersay, and G. R. Hatwell, Endodontic Diagnostic Procedures, BC Decker, London, UK, 2002.
- F. L. Calberson, R. J. De Moor, and C. A. Deroose, “The radix entomolaris and paramolaris: clinical approach in endodontics,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 58–63, 2007.