About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 205691, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/205691
Case Report

Resistance Exercise Reduces Skeletal Muscle Cachexia and Improves Muscle Function in Rheumatoid Arthritis

1Human Performance Laboratory, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV 26506-9227, USA
2Laboratory of Muscle Biology and Sarcopenia, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV 26506-9227, USA
3Division of Exercise Physiology, Center for Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sciences, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV 26506-9227, USA
4Department of Medicine, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV 26506-9227, USA
5Division of Exercise Physiology, Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, West Virginia University School of Medicine, 1 Medical Center, P.O. Box 9227, Morgantown, WV 26506-9227, USA

Received 30 June 2011; Accepted 1 September 2011

Academic Editor: Peter Schwarz

Copyright © 2011 Salaheddin Sharif et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. C. Elkan, I. L. Engvall, T. Cederholm, and I. Hafström, “Rheumatoid cachexia, central obesity and malnutrition in patients with low-active rheumatoid arthritis: feasibility of anthropometry, Mini Nutritional Assessment and body composition techniques,” European Journal of Nutrition, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 315–322, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  2. A.-C. Elkan, N. Håkansson, J. Frostegård, T. Cederholm, and I. Hafström, “Rheumatoid cachexia is associated with dyslipidemia and low levels of atheroprotective natural antibodies against phosphorylcholine but not with dietary fat in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a cross-sectional study,” Arthritis Research and Therapy, vol. 11, no. 2, article R37, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  3. G. D. Summers, C. M. Deighton, M. J. Rennie, and A. H. Booth, “Rheumatoid cachexia: a clinical perspective,” Rheumatology, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 1124–1131, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  4. G. Plasqui, “The role of physical activity in rheumatoid arthritis,” Physiology and Behavior, vol. 94, no. 2, pp. 270–275, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  5. M. G. Fiori, S. Andreola, G. Ladelli, and M. R. Scirea, “Selective atrophy of the type IIb muscle fibers in rheumatoid arthritis and progressive systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). A biopsy histochemical study,” European Journal of Rheumatology and Inflammation, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 168–181, 1983. View at Scopus
  6. S. E. Alway, W. H. Grumbt, W. J. Gonyea, and J. Stray-Gundersen, “Contrasts in muscle and myofibers of elite male and female bodybuilders,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 24–31, 1989. View at Scopus
  7. A. P. Cairns and J. G. McVeigh, “A systematic review of the effects of dynamic exercise in rheumatoid arthritis,” Rheumatology International, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 147–158, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  8. N. Parameswaran and S. Patial, “Tumor necrosis factor-a signaling in macrophages,” Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 87–103, 2010.
  9. S. E. Alway, M. R. Morissette, and P. M. Siu, “Aging and apoptosis in muscle,” in Handbook of the Biology of Aging, E. J. Masoro and S. Austad, Eds., pp. 64–139, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2011.
  10. P. M. Siu and S. E. Alway, “Response and adaptation of skeletal muscle to denervation stress: the role of apoptosis in muscle loss,” Frontiers in Bioscience, vol. 14, pp. 432–452, 2009. View at Scopus
  11. S. E. Alway and P. M. Siu, “Nuclear apoptosis contributes to sarcopenia,” Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 51–57, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  12. F. C. Arnett, S. M. Edworthy, D. A. Bloch et al., “The American rheumatism association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 315–324, 1988. View at Scopus
  13. M. L. L. Prevoo, M. A. Van 'T Hof, H. H. Kuper, M. A. Van Leeuwen, L. B. A. Van De Putte, and P. L. C. M. Van Riel, “Modified disease activity scores that include twenty-eight-joint counts: development and validation in a prospective longitudinal study of patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 44–48, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. L. McCrory, A. J. Salacinski, S. E. Hunt, and S. L. Greenspan, “Thigh muscle strength in senior athletes and healthy controls,” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 23, no. 9, pp. 2430–2436, 2009. View at Scopus
  15. J. L. McCrory, D. F. Martin, R. B. Lowery et al., “Etiologic factors associated with Achilles tendinitis in runners,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 31, no. 10, pp. 1374–1381, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. K. Ferketich, T. E. Kirby, and S. E. Alway, “Cardiovascular and muscular adaptations to combined endurance and strength training in elderly women,” Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, vol. 164, no. 3, pp. 259–267, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. M. Peterson, R. W. Bryner, A. Sindler, J. C. Frisbee, and S. E. Alway, “Mitochondrial apoptotic signaling is elevated in cardiac but not skeletal muscle in the obese Zucker rat and is reduced with aerobic exercise,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 105, no. 6, pp. 1934–1943, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  18. J. M. Peterson, R. W. Bryner, and S. E. Alway, “Satellite cell proliferation is reduced in muscles of obese Zucker rats but restored with loading,” American Journal of Physiology, vol. 295, no. 2, pp. C521–C528, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  19. P. M. Siu, E. E. Pistilli, D. C. Butler, and S. E. Alway, “Aging influences cellular and molecular responses of apoptosis to skeletal muscle unloading,” American Journal of Physiology, vol. 288, no. 2, pp. C338–C349, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  20. S. E. Alway, J. K. Martyn, J. Ouyang, A. Chaudhrai, and Z. S. Murlasits, “Id2 expression during apoptosis and satellite cell activation in unloaded and loaded quail skeletal muscles,” American Journal of Physiology, vol. 284, no. 2, pp. R540–R549, 2003. View at Scopus
  21. B. Strasser, G. Leeb, C. Strehblow, W. Schobersberger, P. Haber, and E. Cauza, “The effects of strength and endurance training in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Clinical Rheumatology, vol. 30, pp. 623–632, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  22. H. Maradit-Kremers, P. J. Nicola, C. S. Crowson, K. V. Ballman, and S. E. Gabriel, “Cardiovascular death in rheumatoid arthritis: a population-based study,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 722–732, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  23. H. Maradit-Kremers, C. S. Crowson, P. J. Nicola et al., “Increased unrecognized coronary heart disease and sudden deaths in rheumatoid arthritis: a population-based cohort study,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 402–411, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  24. T. Yoshino, N. Kusunoki, N. Tanaka et al., “Elevated serum levels of resistin, leptin, and adiponectin are associated with c-reactive protein and also other clinical conditions in rheumatoid arthritis,” Internal Medicine, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 269–275, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. S. A. Provan, K. Angel, A. G. Semb et al., “Early prediction of increased arterial stiffness in patients with chronic inflammation: a 15-year followup study of 108 patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Journal of Rheumatology, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 606–612, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  26. C. S. Crowson, E. Myasoedova, J. M. Davis et al., “Increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome associated with rheumatoid arthritis in patients without clinical cardiovascular disease,” Journal of Rheumatology, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 29–35, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  27. G. S. Metsios, A. Stavropoulos-Kalinoglou, G. J. Treharne et al., “Disease activity and low physical activity associate with number of hospital admissions and length of hospitalisation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis Research & Therapy, vol. 13, article R108, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  28. D. Aletaha, F. Alasti, and J. S. Smolen, “Rheumatoid arthritis near remission: clinical rather than laboratory inflammation is associated with radiographic progression,” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 70, no. 11, pp. 1975–1980, 2011.
  29. P. M. Siu, R. W. Bryner, Z. Murlasits, and S. E. Alway, “Response of XIAP, ARC, and FLIP apoptotic suppressors to 8 wk of treadmill running in rat heart and skeletal muscle,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 204–209, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus