About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 751329, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/751329
Case Report

Puerperal Group A Streptococcal Infections: A Case Series and Discussion

Orlando Health, Orlando, FL 32806, USA

Received 31 July 2012; Revised 19 February 2013; Accepted 26 February 2013

Academic Editor: Bruno Megarbane

Copyright © 2013 Mary T. Busowski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. N. N. Lynskey, R. A. Lawrenson, and S. Sriskandan, “New understandings in Streptococcus pyogenes,” Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 196–202, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. L. B. Byrne, K. M. Aagaard-Tillery, J. L. Johnson, L. J. Wright, and R. M. Silver, “Group A streptococcal puerperal sepsis: initial characterization of virulence factors in association with clinical parameters,” Journal of Reproductive Immunology, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 74–83, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. Nathan, M. T. Peters, A. M. Ahmed, and K. J. Leveno, “The return of life-threating puerperal sepsis caused by group A streptococci,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 169, no. 3, pp. 571–572, 1993. View at Scopus
  4. H. Gergis, S. Barik, K. Lim, and W. Porter, “Life-threatening puerperal infection with group A Streptococcus,” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, vol. 92, no. 8, pp. 412–413, 1999. View at Scopus
  5. H. Abouzeid, P. Wu, N. Mohammed, and M. Al-Samarrai, “Group A streptococcal puerperal sepsis: the return of a potentially fatal disease,” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 806–808, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. E. Castagnola, M. K. Hoffman, J. Carlson, and C. Flynn, “Necrotizing cervical and uterine infection in the postpartum period caused by Group A Streptococcus,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 533–535, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. M. Silver, L. N. Heddleston, J. A. McGregor, and R. S. Gibbs, “Life-threatening puerperal infection due to a group A streptococci,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 894–897, 1992. View at Scopus
  8. J. A. Rowan and R. A. North, “Necrotizing fasciitis in the puerperium,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 173, no. 1, pp. 241–242, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Noronha, C. T. Yue, and M. Sekosan, “Puerperal group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 88, no. 4, p. 728, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. G. Castro, J. C. Rodriguez-Borregan, T. Obeso, A. Castellanos, A. Perez-Ceballos, and J. R. de Miguel Sesmero, “Necrotizing fasciitis after cesarean section,” Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol. 277, no. 6, pp. 579–581, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. Feigenberg, H. Y. Sela, Y. H. Applbaum, and D. Mankuta, “Puerperal widespread pyomyositis after group A streptococcal toxic shock syndrome,” Israel Medical Association Journal, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 483–484, 2008. View at Scopus
  12. K. R. Stefonek, L. L. Maerz, M. P. Nielsen, R. E. Besser, and P. R. Cieslak, “Group A streptococcal puerperal sepsis preceded by positive surveillance cultures,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 98, no. 5, pp. 846–848, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. Sivanesan, M. Singh, and D. Burch, “Puerperal group A Streptococcus infection,” Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol. 281, no. 1, pp. 135–136, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Lurie, H. Vaknine, A. Izakson, T. Levy, O. Sadan, and A. Golan, “Group A Streptococcus causing a life-threatening postpartum necrotizing myometritis: a case report,” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 645–648, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Raymond, L. Schlegel, F. Garnier, and A. Bouvet, “Molecular characterization of Streptococcus pyogenes isolates to investigate an outbreak of puerperal sepsis,” Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 455–461, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. I. Chuang, C. Van Beneden, B. Beall, and A. Schuchat, “Population-based surveillance for postpartum invasive group A Streptococcus infections, 1995–2000,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 665–670, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. M. Aronoff and Z. D. Mulla, “Postpartum invasive group A streptococcal disease in the modern era,” Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 2008, Article ID 796892, 6 pages, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Deutscher, M. Lewis, E. R. Zell, T. H. Taylor, C. Van Beneden, and S. Schrag, “Incidence and severity of invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae, group a Streptococcus, and group b Streptococcus infections among pregnant and postpartum women,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 114–123, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Sriskandan, “Severe peripartum sepsis,” Journal Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, vol. 41, pp. 339–346, 2011.
  20. J. Darenberg, B. Luca-Harari, A. Jasir et al., “Molecular and clinical characteristics of invasive group A streptococcal infection in Sweden,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 450–458, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. N. Daneman, K. A. Green, D. E. Low et al., “Surveillance for hospital outbreaks of invasive group A streptococcal infections in Ontario, Canada, 1992 to 2000,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 147, no. 4, pp. 234–241, 2007. View at Scopus
  22. M. A. Gamba, M. Martinelli, H. J. Schaad et al., “Familial transmission of a serious disease-producing group a Streptococcus clone: case reports and review,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 1118–1121, 1997. View at Scopus
  23. M. R. Wallace, J. C. Garavaglia, and E. L. Kaplan, “Prosector’s streptococcal pharyngitis,” Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice, vol. 20, pp. 349–350, 2012.
  24. M. A. De Moya, M. G. Del Carmen, R. M. Allain, R. E. Hirschberg, J. A. O. Shepard, and R. L. Kradin, “Case 33-2009: a 35-year-old woman with fever, abdominal pain, and hypotension after cesarean section,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 361, no. 17, pp. 1626–1697, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. K. Ooe and H. Udagawa, “A new type of fulminant group a streptococcal infection in obstetric patients: report of two cases,” Human Pathology, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 509–512, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. Udagawa, Y. Oshio, and Y. Shimizu, “Serious group A streptococcal infection around delivery,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 153–157, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. Valiquette, D. E. Low, and A. J. McGeer, “Assessing the impact of intravenous immunoglobulin in the management of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome: a noble but difficult quest,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 49, no. 9, pp. 1377–1379, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. Prevention of Invasive Group A Streptococcal Infections Workshop Participants, “Prevention of Invasive Group A streptococcal disease among household contacts of case patients and among postpartum and postsurgical patients: recommendations from the centers for disease control and prevention,” Criminal Investigation Department, vol. 35, pp. 950–959, 2002.