- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 583123, 3 pages
A Case of Classic Raymond Syndrome
1Department of Neurology, Temple University School of Medicine, 3401 North Broad Street, C525, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
2Department of Pharmacology, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
Received 31 March 2012; Accepted 10 July 2012
Academic Editors: M. Filosto, C.-C. Huang, and P. Sandroni
Copyright © 2012 Nicholas George Zaorsky and Jin Jun Luo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- F. Raymond, “Concerning a special type of alternating hemiplegia,” in Leçons Sur Les Maladies Nerveuses. 1894–1895, pp. 365–383, Ire Ser, Ricklin & Soques, Paris, France, 1896.
- J. K. Wolfe, “Raymond’s syndrome,” in The Classical Brain Stem Syndromes: Translations of the Original Papers With Notes on the Evolution of Clinical Neuroanatomy, C. C. Thomas, Ed., pp. 139–141, Springfield, 1936.
- K. Ogawa, M. Tougou, M. Oishi, S. Kamei, and T. Mizutani, “A case of pontine infarction causing alternating hemiplegia with ipsilateral abducens nerve palsy and contralateral supranuclear facial nerve palsy,” Clinical Neurology, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 135–138, 2008.
- K. Ogawa, Y. Suzuki, and S. Kamei, “Two patients with abducens nerve palsy and crossed hemiplegia (Raymond syndrome),” Acta Neurologica Belgica, vol. 110, no. 3, pp. 270–271, 2010.
- M. Satake, J. I. Kira, T. Yamada, and T. Kobayashi, “Raymond syndrome (alternating abducent hemiplegia) caused by a small haematoma at the medial pontomedullary junction,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 58, no. 2, article 261, 1995.
- R. D. Sheth, J. E. Riggs, and O. A. Ortiz, “Raymond syndrome: a validation,” European Neurology, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 173–174, 1996.
- H. G. J. M. Kuypers, “Corticobulbar connections to the pons and lower brain-stem in man: an anatomical study,” Brain, vol. 81, no. 3, pp. 364–388, 1958.
- J. J. Marx and F. Thömke, “Classical crossed brain stem syndromes: myth or reality?” Journal of Neurology, vol. 256, no. 6, pp. 898–903, 2009.
- D. Donaldson and N. L. Rosenberg, “Infarction of abducens nerve fascicle as cause of isolated sixth nerve palsy related to hypertension,” Neurology, vol. 38, no. 10, article 1654, 1988.
- Y. Yasuda, I. Matsuda, T. Sakagami, H. Kobayashi, and M. Kameyama, “Pontine infarction with pure Millard-Gubler syndrome: precise localization with magnetic resonance imaging,” European Neurology, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 333–334, 1993.
- P. P. Urban, S. Wicht, G. Vucorevic et al., “The course of corticofacial projections in the human brainstem,” Brain, vol. 124, no. 9, pp. 1866–1876, 2001.
- M. Yamashita and T. Yamamoto, “Aberrant pyramidal tract in the medial lemniscus of the human brainstem: normal distribution and pathological changes,” European Neurology, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 75–82, 2001.