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Case Reports in Orthopedics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 624628, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/624628
Case Report

Skeletal Manifestations of Scurvy: A Case Report from Dubai

1Department of Surgery, Section of Orthopaedics, Aga Khan University, P.O. Box 3500, Stadium Road, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
2Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
3Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Section of Anatomy, Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistan

Received 6 June 2012; Accepted 1 August 2012

Academic Editors: A. Jawahar, D. S. Karataglis, and A. Sakamoto

Copyright © 2012 Shahryar Noordin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Nutritional deficiencies are rarely reported in developed countries. We report a child of Pakistani origin brought up in Dubai who developed skeletal manifestations of scurvy due to peculiar dietary habits. Case Presentation. A 4.5 year old boy presented with pain and swelling of multiple joints for three months and inability to walk for two months. Dietary history was significant for exclusive meat intake for the preceding two years. On examination the child’s height and weight were below the 5th percentile for his age. He was pale and tachycardic. There was significant swelling and tenderness over the wrist, knee and ankle joints, along with painful restriction of motion. Basic blood workup was unremarkable except for anemia. However, X-rays showed delayed bone age, severe osteopenia of the long bones, epiphyseal separation, cortical thinning and dense zone of provisional calcification, suggesting a radiological diagnosis of scurvy. The child was started on vitamin C replacement therapy. Over the following two months, the pain and swelling substantially reduced and the child became able to walk. Repeat X-rays showed improvement in the bony abnormalities. Conclusion. Although scurvy is not a very commonly encountered entity in the modern era, inappropriate dietary intake can lead to skeletal abnormalities which may be confused with rickets. A high index of suspicion is thus required for prompt diagnosis of scurvy in patients with bone and joint symptoms.