About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Case Reports in Surgery
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 786432, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/786432
Case Report

Primary Neuroendocrine Tumor of the Left Hepatic Duct: A Case Report with Review of the Literature

Division of GI and HPP Surgery, Department of Surgery, Grant Medical College & Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Byculla, Mumbai 400008, India

Received 29 April 2012; Accepted 29 August 2012

Academic Editors: T. Çolak and M. Ganau

Copyright © 2012 Ajay H. Bhandarwar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. M. Modlin and A. Sandor, “An analysis of 8305 cases of Carcinoid tumors,” Cancer, vol. 79, no. 4, pp. 813–829, 1997.
  2. J. M. Lauffer, T. Zhang, and I. M. Modlin, “Review article:current status of gastrointestinal carcinoids,” Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 271–287, 1999.
  3. A. J. Davies, “Carcinoid tumors (Argentaffinomata),” Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, vol. 25, pp. 277–297, 1959.
  4. E. Pilz, “On carcinoid of the bile duct,” Zentralblatt Fur Chirurgie, vol. 86, pp. 1588–1590, 1961.
  5. J. M. Little, A. A. Gibson, and A. W. Kay, “Primary common bile-duct carcinoid,” British Journal of Surgery, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 147–149, 1968. View at Scopus
  6. L. Bergdahl, “Carcinoid tumours of the biliary tract,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 136–138, 1976. View at Scopus
  7. D. M. Judge, P. S. Dickman, and S. Trapukdi, “Nonfunctioning argyrophilic tumor (APUDoma) of the hepatic duct. Simplified methods of detecting biogenic amines in tissue,” American Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 40–45, 1976. View at Scopus
  8. A. J. Gerlock and C. A. Muhletaler, “Primary common bile duct carcinoid,” Gastrointestinal Radiology, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 263–264, 1979. View at Scopus
  9. J. Vitaux, R. J. Salmon, O. Langville, C. Buffet, E. Martin, and J. C. Chaput, “Carcinoid tumor of the common bile duct,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 360–362, 1981. View at Scopus
  10. T. Nakamuara, T. Sawada, K. Karaki, and A. Kawao :, “A case of MEA associated with bie duct carcinoid,” Gann No Rinnshou, vol. 27, pp. 1299–1301, 1981.
  11. Y. Abe, H. Itoh, M. Yoshida, et al., “Carcinoid tumor of the common bile duct, report of a case,” Stomach and Intestine, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 543–548, 1983. View at Scopus
  12. Z. D. Goodman, J. Albores Saavedra, and D. M. Lundblad, “Somatostatinoma of the cystic duct,” Cancer, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 498–502, 1984. View at Scopus
  13. D. L. Jutte, P. H. Bell, I. M. Penn, J. Powers, and J. Kolinjivadi, “Carcinoid tumor of the biliary system,” Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 32, pp. 763–769, 1986.
  14. P. G. Nicolescu and A. Popescu, “Carcinoid tumor of the cystic duct,” Morphologie et Embryologie, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 275–277, 1986. View at Scopus
  15. I. A. Alexander, K. K. Thomson, and G. A. Klune, “Primary common bile duct carcinoid: demonstration by computed tomography, ultrasonography and angiography,” Australasian Radiology, vol. 30, pp. 34–37, 1986.
  16. I. Gastinger, U. Schütze, G. Beetz, and H. Lippert, “Obstructive jaundice caused by a carcinoid tumor of the hepatocholedochal duct,” Zentralblatt fur Chirurgie, vol. 112, no. 18, pp. 1170–1175, 1987. View at Scopus
  17. D. Reinhardt, H. Thiele, J. C. Weber, and W. J. Hofmann, “Carcinoid of the ductus choledochus. A rare cause of obstructive jaundice,” Chirurg, vol. 59, no. 10, pp. 683–687, 1988. View at Scopus
  18. S. M. Chittal and P. M. Ra, “Carcinoid of the cystic duct,” Histopathology, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 643–646, 1989. View at Scopus
  19. N. Fujita, F. Mochizuki, S. Lee et al., “Carcinoid tumor of the bile duct: case report,” Gastrointestinal Radiology, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 151–154, 1989. View at Scopus
  20. D. R. Bickerstaff and W. B. Ross, “Carcinoid of the biliary tree: a case report and review of the literature,” Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 48–51, 1987. View at Scopus
  21. W. M. Brown, J. M. Henderson, and J. C. Kennedy, “Carcinoid tumor of the bile duct. A case report and literature review,” American Surgeon, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 343–346, 1990. View at Scopus
  22. C. Bumin, N. Ormeci, M. Dolapci, and S. Gungor, “Carcinoid tumor of the biliary duct,” International Surgery, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 262–264, 1990. View at Scopus
  23. I. W. Fellows, I. H. Leach, P. G. Smith, P. J. Toghill, and J. Doran, “Carcinoid tumour of the common bile duct—a novel complication of von Hippel-Lindau syndrome,” Gut, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 728–729, 1990. View at Scopus
  24. I. Besznyák, G. Tasnádi, T. Hirsch, I. Köves, Z. Schaff, and K. Lapis, “Hepato-lobectomy for carcinoid tumor of the hepatic duct,” Orvosi Hetilap, vol. 132, no. 11, pp. 591–594, 1991. View at Scopus
  25. A. Angeles-Angeles, L. Quintanilla-Martinez, and J. Larriva-Sahd, “Primary carcinoid of the common bile duct. Immunohistochemical characterization of a case and review of the literature,” American Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 96, no. 3, pp. 341–344, 1991. View at Scopus
  26. L. P. Barron-Rodriguez, J. C. Manivel, N. Mendez-Sanchez, and J. Jessurun, “Carcinoid tumor of the common bile duct: evidence for its origin in metaplastic endocrine cells,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 86, no. 8, pp. 1073–1076, 1991. View at Scopus
  27. K. Newman, T. Vates, L. Duffy, and K. Anderson, “Pancreatoduodenectomy with preservation of the stomach and pylorus: a safe and effective alternative in children,” Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 1334–1335, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. M. Dixon, R. W. Chapman, and A. R. Berry, “Carcinoid tumour of the ampulla of Vater presenting as acute pancreatitis,” Gut, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 1296–1297, 1987. View at Scopus
  29. M. Rugge, F. Sonego, C. Militello, M. Guido, and V. Ninfo, “Primary carcinoid tumor of the cystic and common bile ducts,” American Journal of Surgical Pathology, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 802–807, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. R. B. Gembala, J. E. Arsuaga, A. C. Friedman et al., “Carcinoid of the intrahepatic ducts,” Abdominal Imaging, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 242–244, 1993. View at Scopus
  31. G. Mandujano-Vera, A. Angeles-Angeles, J. De la Cruz-Hernandez, M. Sansores- Perez, and J. Larriva-Sahd, “Gastrinoma of the common bile duct: immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study of a case,” Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 321–324, 1995. View at Scopus
  32. H. N. Sankary, P. Foster, E. Frye, and J. W. Williams, “Carcinoid tumors of the extrahepatic bile duct: an unusual cause of bile duct obstruction,” Liver Transplantation and Surgery, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 122–123, 1995. View at Scopus
  33. L. Hao, A. L. Friedman, V. J. Navarro, B. West, and M. E. Robert, “Carcinoid tumor of the common bile duct producing gastrin and serotonin,” Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 63–65, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. D. Kopelman, M. Schein, H. Kerner, H. Bahuss, and M. Hashmonai, “Carcinoid tumor of the common bile duct,” HPB Surgery, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 41–43, 1996. View at Scopus
  35. G. Belli, G. Rotondano, A. D'Agostino, and I. Marano, “Primary extrahepatic bile duct carcinoids,” HPB Surgery, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 101–105, 1996. View at Scopus
  36. A. Bembenek, E. Lotterer, A. Machens et al., “Neuroendocrine tumor of the common heaptic duct: a rare cause of extrahepatic jaundice in adolescence,” Surgery, vol. 123, no. 6, pp. 712–715, 1998. View at Scopus
  37. S. C. Nahas, J. L. Lourencao, E. Gazoni, C. Mott de B, M. R. Borba, J. O. Pinto Filho, et al., “Carcinoid tumors of the common bile duct: report of a case,” Revista Do Hospital Das Clinicas Da Faculdade De Medicina Da Universidade De Sao Paulo, vol. 53, pp. 26–28, 1998.
  38. A. C. Ross, J. B. Hurley, W. B. Hay, C. H. Rusnak, and D. M. Petrunia, “Carcinoids of the common bile duct: a case report and literature review,” Canadian Journal of Surgery, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 59–63, 1999. View at Scopus
  39. R. S. Chamberlain and L. H. Blumgart, “Carcinoid tumors of the extrahepatic bile duct. A rare cause of malignant biliary obstruction,” Cancer, vol. 86, pp. 1959–1965, 1999.
  40. M. Hermina, J. Starling, and T. F. Warner, “Carcinoid tumor of the cystic duct,” Pathology Research and Practice, vol. 195, no. 10, pp. 707–709, 1999. View at Scopus
  41. C. Chan, H. Medina-Franco, W. Bell, A. Lazenby, and S. M. Vickers, “Carcinoid tumor of the hepatic duct presenting as a Klatskin tumor in an adolescent and review of world literature,” Hepato-Gastroenterology, vol. 47, no. 32, pp. 519–521, 2000. View at Scopus
  42. A. Maitra, J. E. Krueger, M. Tascilar et al., “Carcinoid tumors of the extrahepatic bile ducts: a study of seven cases,” American Journal of Surgical Pathology, vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 1501–1510, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. J. V. Juturi, I. Maghfoor, D. C. Doll, and M. L. Evans, “A case of biliary carcinoid presenting with pancreatitis and obstructive jaundice,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 95, no. 10, pp. 2973–2974, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. V. S. Turrión, C. Salas, L. G. Alvira, M. Jimenez, J. L. Lucena, and J. Ardaiz, “Carcinoid tumour of the common bile duct: an exceptional indication for liver transplantation,” Transplantation Proceedings, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 264–265, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. T. M. Pawlik, S. Shah, and F. E. Eckhauser, “Carcinoid tumor of the biliary tract: treating a rare cause of bile duct obstruction,” American Surgeon, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 98–101, 2003. View at Scopus
  46. Y. D. Podnos, J. C. Jimenez, K. Zainabadi et al., “Carcinoid tumors of the common bile duct: report of two cases,” Surgery Today, vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 553–555, 2003. View at Scopus
  47. C. M. Volpe, J. P. Pryor, M. Caty, and R. J. Doerr, “An adolescent with bile duct carcinoid tumor,” Medical and Pediatric Oncology, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 137–138, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. A. A. C. Menezes, A. J. Diver, D. McCance, and T. Diamond, “Carcinoid tumour of the extrahepatic bile duct—report of a case and literature review,” Ulster Medical Journal, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 59–62, 2004. View at Scopus
  49. S. Ligato, W. Furmaga, R. W. Cartun, D. Hull, and G. J. Tsongalis, “Primary carcinoid tumor of the common hepatic duct: a rare case with immunohistochemical and molecular findings,” Oncology Reports, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 543–546, 2005. View at Scopus
  50. C. Hubert, C. Sempoux, A. Berquin, P. Deprez, F. Jamar, and J. F. Gigot, “Bile duct carcinoid tumors: an uncommon disease but with a good prognosis?” Hepato-Gastroenterology, vol. 52, no. 64, pp. 1042–1047, 2005. View at Scopus
  51. G. Nesi, A. Lombardi, G. Batignani, F. Ficari, C. A. Rubio, and F. Tonelli, “Well-differentiated endocrine tumor of the distal common bile duct: a case study and literature review,” Virchows Archiv, vol. 449, no. 1, pp. 104–111, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. D. H. Kim, M. H. Song, and D. H. Kim, “Malignant carcinoid tumor of the common bile duct: report of a case,” Surgery Today, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 485–489, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. M. Caglikulekci, M. Dirlik, O. Aydin et al., “Carcinoid tumour of the common bile duct: report of a case and a review of the literature,” Acta Chirurgica Belgica, vol. 106, no. 1, pp. 112–115, 2006. View at Scopus
  54. H. Honda, S. Hayashi, Y. Sekiguchi, T. Tsukadaira, and K. Nakamura, “A case of the extrahepatic bile duct carcinoid tumor,” Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, vol. 103, no. 10, pp. 1169–1175, 2006. View at Scopus
  55. T. Todoroki, T. Sano, S. Yamada et al., “Clear cell carcinoid tumor of the distal common bile duct,” World Journal of Surgical Oncology, vol. 5, article 6, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. H. Sethi, M. Madanur, P. Srinivasan, B. Portmann, N. Heaton, and M. Rela, “Non-functioning well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor of the extrahepatic bile duct: an unusual suspect?” Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 549–552, 2007. View at Scopus
  57. F. Stavridi, H. Chong, S. Chan et al., “Neuroendocrine tumour of the cystic duct: a case report and literature review,” Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 32–33, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. R. Jiménez, A. Beguiristain, I. Ruiz-Montesinos et al., “Intrahepatic biliary carcinoid,” American Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 521–522, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. C. R. Ferrone, L. H. Tang, M. D'Angelica et al., “Extrahepatic bile duct carcinoid tumors: malignant biliary obstruction with a good prognosis,” Journal of the American College of Surgeons, vol. 205, no. 2, pp. 357–361, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. O. Nafidi, B. N. Nguyen, and A. Roy, “Carcinoid tumor of the common bile duct: a rare complication of von Hippel-Lindau syndrome,” World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 1299–1301, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. N. J. Gusani, J. W. Marsh, M. A. Nalesnik, M. E. Tublin, and T. C. Gamblin, “Carcinoid of the extra-hepatic bile duct: a case report with long-term follow-up and review of literature,” American Surgeon, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 87–90, 2008. View at Scopus
  62. T. M. Schmitt, H. Bonatti, K. D. Hagspiel, J. Iezzoni, P. Northup, and T. L. Pruett, “Carcinoid of the bile duct bifurcation,” Journal of the American College of Surgeons, vol. 206, no. 2, p. 399, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. M. Costantini, R. Montalti, G. Rossi et al., “Adenocarcinoid tumor of the extrahepatic biliary tract,” International Journal of Surgical Pathology, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 455–457, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. E. Felekouras, A. Petrou, K. Bramis et al., “Malignant carcinoid tumor of the cystic duct: a rare cause of bile duct obstruction,” Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 640–646, 2009. View at Scopus
  65. T. N. Price, G. B. Thompson, J. T. Lewis, R. V. Lloyd, and W. F. Young, “Zollinger-Ellison syndrome due to primary gastrinoma of the extrahepatic biliary tree: three case reports and review of literature,” Endocrine Practice, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 737–749, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. U. Tonnhofer, C. Balassy, C. A. Reck, A. Koller, and E. Horcher, “Neuroendocrine tumor of the common hepatic duct, mimicking a choledochal cyst in a 6-year-old child,” Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. e23–e25, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. J. Zhan, G. Bao, X. Hu et al., “Carcinoid tumor of the common bile duct in children: a case report,” Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 2061–2063, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  68. S. Squillaci, R. Marchione, M. Piccolomini et al., “Well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (malignant carcinoid) of the extrahepatic biliary tract: report of two cases and literature review,” APMIS, vol. 118, no. 8, pp. 543–556, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  69. K. Tsalis, G. Vrakas, T. Geroukis, A. Cheva, G. N. Roidos, and C. Lazarides, “Primary neuroendocrine tumor of the extrahepatic biliary tree mimicking Klatskin tumor,” Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 341–342, 2010. View at Scopus
  70. J. H. Lee, K. G. Lee, Y. H. Oh, S. S. Paik, H. K. Park, and K. S. Lee, “Carcinoid tumors of the extrahepatic biliary tract: report of four cases,” Surgery Today, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 430–435, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  71. P. G. Athanasopoulos, N. Arkadopoulos, V. Stafyla et al., “A rare combination of an endocrine tumour of the common bile duct and a follicular lymphoma of the ampulla of Vater: a case report and review of the literature,” World Journal of Surgical Oncology, vol. 9, article 4, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus