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Case Reports in Transplantation
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 768193, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/768193
Case Report

Acute Pancreatitis after Kidney Transplantation

1Department of Nephrology, Dyalisis and Transplantation, Internal Medicine Hospital, University Clinical Center Tuzla, Trnovac bb, 75000 Tuzla, Bosnia And Herzegovina
2Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Internal Medicine Hospital, University Clinical Center Tuzla, Trnovac bb, 75000 Tuzla, Bosnia And Herzegovina
3Pulmonary Diseases Hospital, University Clinical Center Tuzla, Trnovac bb, 75000 Tuzla, Bosnia And Herzegovina

Received 25 December 2011; Accepted 30 January 2012

Academic Editors: C. Costa, R. Grenda, and Y. Sato

Copyright © 2012 Mithat Tabakovic et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Acute pancreatitis is a rare but life-threatening complication in patients with transplanted kidney. The incidence of acute pancreatitis after kidney transplantation ranges from 2% to 7%, with mortality rate between 50 and 100%. We report a case of a female patient aged 46 years, developing an interstitial acute pancreatitis 8 years following a renal transplantation. The specific aethiological factor was not clearly established, although possibility of biliary pancreatitis with spontaneous stone elimination and/or medication-induced pancreatitis remains the strongest. Every patient after renal transplantation with an acute onset of abdominal pain should be promptly evaluated for presence of pancreatitis with a careful application of the most appropriate diagnostic procedure for each individual patient.